Europe is a continent located very in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost ration of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be at odds from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies physical geography, the home link up is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several get older in the past its first conception in classical antiquity. The separation of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which amend upon a spectrum rather than like a smart dividing line. The geographic be close to between Europe and Asia does not follow any let pass boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are along with transcontinental in that the main part is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in supplementary continents.
Europe covers practically 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of home area). Politically, Europe is not speaking into about fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of approximately 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. supplementary from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration time marked the stop of ancient records and the initiation of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the unprejudiced era. back the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amid the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various epoch the Americas, all but every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to forward looking economic, cultural and social fiddle with in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allocation in Europe, contributing to a decline in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet union and the united States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was on bad terms along the Iron Curtain along with NATO in the West and the Warsaw agreement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, with a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, taking into account the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. supplementary European integration by some states led to the formation of the European linkage (EU), a sever political entity that lies surrounded by a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward since the fall of the Soviet bond in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used among Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes border and immigration controls in the middle of most of its devotee states.
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treaty of paris 1815 wikipedia treaty of paris of 1815 was signed on 20 november 1815 following the defeat and second abdication of napoleon bonaparte in february napoleon had escaped from his exile on elba he entered paris on 20 march beginning the hundred days of his restored rule create custom historical map historical mapchart create your own free custom historical map of world and europe in 3 easy steps years and events include 1815 1880 world war maps and more map of europe 1914 emersonkent com map description historical map of europe in 1914 illustrating allied powers central powers neutral powers railways credits courtesy of the united states military academy department of history 1815 the concert of europe mod for victoria 2 heart of concert of europe is a mod for victoria 2 heart of darkness version 3 04 it sets the start date to 1815 11 20 with historical nations and borders bbc history british history in depth britain s empire dominant at last among europe s great powers britain was firmly established by 1815 with france russia ottoman turkey and china as one of the world s great imperial powers geschichte europas wikipedia herkunft des begriffes europa name zur etymologie gibt es drei thesen von denen sich keine endgultig verifizieren lasst eine erklarung fur das wort europa bezieht sich auf das phonizische wort ereb fur dunkel abend untergehend europe world war ii historical mapchart create your own free custom historical map of europe at the start of world war ii in 3 easy steps congress of vienna wikipedia the congress of vienna french congres de vienne german wiener kongress also called vienna congress was a meeting of ambassadors of european states chaired by austrian statesman klemens von metternich and held in vienna from november 1814 to june 1815 though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late september 1814 pearson prentice hall online map bank to find a map click on the first letter for the country region empire or event the map as history a multimedia atlas the map as history a multimedia atlas of world history with animated historical maps