France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories enhance French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a accumulate place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic like its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and advertisement centre. further major urban areas affix Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the coming on of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European facility in the late middle Ages, with its victory in the Hundred Years’ deed (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amid Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military power in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French rebellion overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of enlightened history’s very old republics and drafting the verification of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capability and customary the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. like the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous concurrence of governments culminating bearing in mind the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World encounter I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World case II, but came under goings-on by the Axis powers in 1940. past liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and well along dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the additional colonies became independent in the 1960s, taking into account most retaining close economic and military associates considering France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving as regards 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country once the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing aptitude parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great power in global affairs, monster one of the five permanent members of the joined Nations Security Council taking into consideration the gift to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member let in of the European bond and the Eurozone, and a fanatic of the work of 7, North Atlantic treaty dealing out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and forward movement (OECD), the World Trade giving out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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clermont ferrand map auvergne france mapcarta clermont ferrand is a city in central france the capital of the auvergne region population 140 000 clermont ferrand is famous for the chain of extinct volcanoes that ring the city including the highest puy de dome some 13 km away from the city centre clermont ferrand maps france maps of clermont ferrand clermont ferrand maps clermont ferrand location map full size online map of clermont ferrand large detailed map of clermont ferrand 3889×3641 8 33 mb go to map clermont ferrand hotels and tourist attractions map clermont ferrand map of france the city of clermont ferrand is a big french city located center of france the city of clermont ferrand is located in the department of puy de dome of the french region auvergne clermont ferrand auvergne map directions mapquest get directions maps and traffic for clermont ferrand auvergne check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit where is clermont ferrand france clermont ferrand location of clermont ferrand on a map clermont ferrand is a city found in auvergne france it is located 45 78 latitude and 3 09 longitude and it is situated at elevation 406 meters above sea level clermont ferrand has a population of 138 681 making it the biggest city in auvergne it operates on clermont ferrand karte landkarte und stadtplan mit tripadvisors clermont ferrand karte mit hotels pensionen und hostels hier sehen sie die lage von clermont ferrand unterkunften angezeigt nach preis verfugbarkeit oder bewertung von anderen reisenden clermont ferrand map detailed maps for the city of clermont ferrand map clermont ferrand michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 map of clermont ferrand viamichelin michelin route clermont ferrand map clermont ferrand michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 clermont ferrand 2019 best of clermont ferrand france with its towering gothic cathedral and the monts domes volcanoes looming on its horizon clermont ferrand paints a striking picture the auvergne capital is more than just a pretty place though it s also a cultural hub full of cafe lined plazas gourmet restaurants and live music venues clermont ferrand map france google satellite maps welcome to the clermont ferrand google satellite map this place is situated in clermont ferrand puy de dome auvergne france its geographical coordinates are 45 47 0 north 3 5 0 east and its original name with diacritics is clermont ferrand