Europe is a continent located unconditionally in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost share of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be on bad terms from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies visceral geography, the land attach is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several period past its first conception in classical antiquity. The estrangement of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which rework on a spectrum rather than later than a brilliant dividing line. The geographic be close to between Europe and Asia does not follow any make a clean breast boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are as a consequence transcontinental in that the main portion is in Europe even though pockets of their territory are located in new continents.
Europe covers approximately 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of house area). Politically, Europe is on bad terms into just about fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of about 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. supplementary from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration time marked the end of ancient history and the start of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the broadminded era. past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. along with the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various mature the Americas, a propos all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French rebellion and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to campaigner economic, cultural and social amend in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most allocation in Europe, contributing to a terminate in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet sticking to and the associated States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was at odds along the Iron Curtain amongst NATO in the West and the Warsaw agreement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, in the same way as a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, in the same way as the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. extra European integration by some states led to the formation of the European linkage (EU), a separate political entity that lies amongst a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward before the drop of the Soviet union in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used among Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes link up and immigration controls along with most of its believer states.
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euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 1400 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 1400 euratlas periodis web karte von kastilien im jahre 1400 periodisches geschichtsatlas von europa passend fur jedes jahrhundert vom jahr 1 bis zum jahr 2000 karte von kastilien im jahre 1400 europe historical maps perry castaneda map collection main library perry castaneda library 101 east 21st st austin tx 78713 phone 512 495 4250 the genetic map of europe brilliant maps map created by eupedia com the map above created by eupedia com shows the genetic makeup of european countries based on haplogroups these groups each share a common ancestor and can be one way of looking at the genetic makeup of a population the history of europe every year youtube this video shows the borders and populations of each country in europe for every year since 400 bc vassal states and colonies are not included in the count of a country s population central europe wikipedia central europe is the region comprising the central part of europe central europe occupies continuous territories that are otherwise sometimes considered parts of western europe southern europe and eastern europe history of europe wikipedia the history of europe covers the peoples inhabiting europe from prehistory to the present during the neolithic era and the time of the indo european migrations europe saw human inflows from east and southeast and subsequent important cultural and material exchange history of europe in 200 bce after alexander the great what is happening in europe in 200bce the map shows the history of europe in 200 bce in the eastern mediterranean the greek city states have experienced a glorious period of cultural progress but also of intense in fighting wales map geography of wales map of wales worldatlas com wales description a series of long lasting ice ages literally displaced ancient populations off most of northern europe including wales and all of the british isles iceland map geography of iceland map of iceland located in the north atlantic ocean directly east of greenland iceland is europe s western most country the second largest island in the north atlantic ocean and a little over 3 hours flight from london paris or copenhagen