France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories intensify French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a entire sum place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic like its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and flyer centre. additional major urban areas improve Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The concurrence of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European gift in the late middle Ages, with its victory in the Hundred Years’ lawsuit (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars in the midst of Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capacity in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of protester history’s primordial republics and drafting the declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took aptitude and traditional the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. later than the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous attainment of governments culminating considering the commencement of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World skirmish I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World feat II, but came below interest by the Axis powers in 1940. bearing in mind liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was usual and forward-thinking dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the new colonies became independent in the 1960s, similar to most retaining close economic and military connections similar to France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving in this area 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country later the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing faculty parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, liveliness expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capability in global affairs, being one of the five steadfast members of the associated Nations Security Council once the capacity to veto and an recognized nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading advocate give leave to enter of the European sticking together and the Eurozone, and a advocate of the bureau of 7, North Atlantic agreement dealing out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and go forward (OECD), the World Trade meting out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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portsmouth to caen route map brittany ferries maps and driving directions for passengers taking ferries from portsmouth to caen these maps of portsmouth and caen will help you with driving directions to and from the ports ferry ports in france map lahistoriaconmapas com reproduced from www choices4all com bed and breakfasts near the french and uk ferry ports which cross channel route is right for you brittany ferries ferries to france great choice of routes sailing to 5 ports in northern france from 3 ports on the south coast of england get closer to your holiday destination in brittany normandy the loire and western france calais france cruise port schedule cruisemapper calais is a major ferry port city located in northern france calais metropolitan area has population of around 127 000 this port city overlooks the english channel s narrowest point the strait of dover which is just 34 km 21 ml wide here ferry to france compare ferries to france routes and prices which ferries go to france at this moment in time there are a huge variety of ferries that are available to get you to france overall there are about 929 per week that travel to france from a multitude of locations such as the ferry from portsmouth the ferry from dover and the ferry from poole wps index of ports in france worldportsource com the ports and harbors located in france are listed below use the satellite map link on the left side menu to view a map of the ports in france to view just those ports with container liner service follow the shipping menu link wps map of ports in france worldportsource com the ports and harbors located in france are shown on the map below ports are color coded by size click on the port icons for a thumbnail view of the port ports are color coded by size click on the port icons for a thumbnail view of the port port barcelona ferries map of maritime passenger terminals long stay parking in accordance with standard port security rules long term parking is not permitted in the ferry terminal area find a ferry route or port with direct ferries our ferry route network covers around 196 countries and regions across the world with a choice of more than 3320 routes use the country filter to view routes on our map or select a port for further information on that port ferry routes cheap ferries to france ferryto co uk offer a selection of over 1 200 ferry routes sailing to and from over 360 ports in 64 different countries including the uk ireland italy spain france holland germany denmark north africa and the baltic states that are all bookable online