France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories add together French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a total area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic subsequent to its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and classified ad centre. other major urban areas combine Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the beginning of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The concurrence of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European power in the late middle Ages, later than its victory in the Hundred Years’ dogfight (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French mayhem overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of avant-garde history’s antique republics and drafting the declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capacity and usual the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. considering the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous agreement of governments culminating taking into account the commencement of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World stroke I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World combat II, but came below leisure interest by the Axis powers in 1940. past liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was customary and unconventional dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, similar to most retaining close economic and military connections in imitation of France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World origin Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving in the region of 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country behind the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing knack parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs competently in international rankings of education, health care, animatronics expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great capacity in global affairs, monster one of the five steadfast members of the allied Nations Security Council once the capability to veto and an approved nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member divulge of the European linkage and the Eurozone, and a aficionado of the outfit of 7, North Atlantic settlement direction (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), the World Trade paperwork (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of tgv train routes and destinations in france the tgv trains a grande vitesse is the express trains of france and connect the major cities of france as well as continuing through to other neighboring european countries that border france of luxembourg belgium spain italy germany and switzerland france tgv map paris by train this tgv map shows high speed train lines in france and across europe this includes the main tgv lines eurostar thalys tgv east networks in france plus train lines in other countries within europe click map to see full version interactive map of french railway network sncf reseau home our railway maps interactive map of french railway network interactive map of french railway network join us on social media tgv train map france tgv map france rail western europe tgv map france rail tgv train map france western europe europe to print tgv train map france western europe europe to download tgv map france tgv france network map western europe tgv map france tgv france network map tgv map france western europe europe to print tgv map france western europe europe to download tgv karte frankreich schnellzugriff tgv tgv karte frankreich tgv map france karte der tgv linien in frankreich der plan zeigt das tgv netz die verbindungen des tgv train a grande vitesse hochgeschwindigkeit netzes in frankreich sowie die tgv linien nach deutschland also nach und von frankfurt munchen karlsruhe mannheim freiburg ulm augsburg die tgv verbindungen in die tgv map paris by train france tgv map showing high speed train lines in deep purple and light purple click to enlarge this tgv map shows the main tgv destinations in france tgv high speed train fast speed trains france eurail com the tgv is a high speed train that operates all over france and beyond travel from romantic paris to the shores of the mediterranean or the vineyards of the loire valley france railways map and french train travel information france has an up to date rail system which includes abundant high speed rail lines using the rail map below you can find the major rail lines to plan your french vacation and get information on the rail passes available to the tourist in france