France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories tote up French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combined place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic once its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and public notice centre. supplementary major urban areas supplement Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The harmony of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the late center Ages, taking into consideration its victory in the Hundred Years’ clash (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars along with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military skill in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French mayhem overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of advanced history’s outdated republics and drafting the avowal of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took gift and standard the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. in imitation of the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous concurrence of governments culminating later than the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World act I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World dogfight II, but came under pursuit by the Axis powers in 1940. in the manner of liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was usual and forward-looking dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the extra colonies became independent in the 1960s, as soon as most retaining near economic and military associates later than France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving concerning 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country subsequent to the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing skill parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs with ease in international rankings of education, health care, simulation expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great talent in global affairs, brute one of the five remaining members of the united Nations Security Council subsequent to the skill to veto and an attributed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading zealot give leave to enter of the European bond and the Eurozone, and a fanatic of the activity of 7, North Atlantic unity doling out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and momentum (OECD), the World Trade paperwork (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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network maps transilien check out these maps as you prepare for a smooth journey in paris and throughout the region travel on the ile de france network all the maps to make your travel in paris and the region easy sncf transilien and ratp rer train maps for paris ile de this first map above is for the sncf transilien and rer train railway lines for paris and the ile de france region and includes all the different stops along with details for connecting lines with the paris metro and tramway lines in paris paris rer map paris by train here is a detailed map of rer a to rer e lines in and around paris and its surrounding suburbs unlike the paris metro system which covers only 2 zones the paris rer trains cover 5 zones all around ile de france the province which contains paris paris by train paris train maps tickets schedules how to use paris trains from paris airports rer b and metro subway paris trains with maps train tickets passes schedules routes for paris metro trains and paris rer trains in france plus detailed paris train station photo guides railway maps of france ferrocarta net select an area on the map of france to view a detailed map of that region by clicking on a blue city name you can access directly to a map of urban transport for that city railway maps of france ile de france history 16 december 2013 the gisors serqueux line reopens 19 january 2009 the gisors serqueux line closes 10 june 2007 the lgv est europeenne opens between vaires sur marne and baudrecourt metro map of paris and the ile de france region ratp see the metro map for paris and the ile de france region showing the ratp transport network and stations and its nb de ligne lines rer ticket paris by train a rer ticket is known in paris as a billet ile de france a small coupon like train ticket for paris and surrounding ile de france region priced for the length of the trip calculated from departure station to arrival station france paris train rail maps projectmapping co uk france paris train rail maps projectmapping co uk trains in ile de france timetables prices and tickets ile de france which is also known by the popular name of paris is a historical and administrative region of france all modes of transportation are represented in ile de france except shipping there are a few river ports in the paris suburbs