Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is estranged from great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
Politically, Ireland is divided in the company of the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is portion of the allied Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was more or less 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after good Britain. Just under 4.8 million rouse in the Republic of Ireland and just on top of 1.8 million living in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, later than several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its mild but short-tempered climate which is pardon of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the end of the middle Ages. Today, woodland makes up just about 10% of the island, compared as soon as a European average of beyond 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant estate living thing species indigenous to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and suitably very moderate, and winters are milder than acknowledged for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant.
The out of date evidence of human presence in Ireland is pass at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. in the same way as the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English regard as being did not extend beyond the entire sum island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English judge was designed to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was outstretched during the 18th century. when the Acts of union in 1801, Ireland became a part of the associated Kingdom. A deed of independence in the at the forefront 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish pardon State, which became increasingly sovereign higher than the later than decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a portion of the united Kingdom. Northern Ireland saw much civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided in imitation of a embassy succession in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland joined the European Economic Community though the joined Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as part of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant involve upon extra cultures, especially in the field of literature. to the side of mainstream Western culture, a mighty native culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features later than that of great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as membership football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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clickable map of ireland irish megaliths map of ireland showing the counties and historical provinces excluding the four administrative sub counties around dublin and the two ridings of tipperary stone circles dochara an insider s guide to ireland in simple terms stone circles are just that rings of standing stones while the world s best known stone circle is stonehenge irish stone circles tend to be smaller and composed of smaller stones list of stone circles wikipedia a stone circle is a monument of stones arranged in a circle or ellipse such monuments have been constructed in many parts of the world throughout history for many different reasons standing stones ogham stones and stone circles ireland the largest stones of the circle form the entrance to the inside the lowermost stone was erected opposite to them often the entrance stones and the opposite stone form a line which is orientated towards the sun the moon or particular stars probably stone circles were built to practice rituals and ceremonies stone circles on ireland 32 images ireland pictures stone circles on ireland 32 images dromberg stone circle is one of the finest of a unique series of stone circles which were built in the cork kerry region during bronze age 2000 500 bc megalith map mega map browser ancient sites in england the stone circles of britain ireland and brittany a new edition of burl s classic work amazon co uk amazon com a guide to the stone circles of britain ireland and brittany megalithic ireland we have also added a map featuring ireland s round towersto our early christian pages the ogham stone page is continually updated and the high cross section of this site can be accessed separately we hope you enjoy your exploration of our site and we welcome your comments stones of ireland stones of ireland stone pages stones of ireland map evaluations glossary bookshop archaeo links search court and passage tombs cairns crannogs tara caherdaniel craggaunowen grianan of aileach knocknarea staigue fort dolmens standing stones stone circles dolmen of the four maols gleninsheen kilclooney poulnabrone ballycrovane beltany dooncarton drombeg kenmare punchestown stone pages message boards beaghmore stone circles cookstown discovered during peat cutting in the 1940s the site at beaghmore consists of 7 stone circles all of the rings are associated with cairns and a stone row runs towards these cairns drombeg stone circle wikipedia drombeg stone circle also known as the druid s altar is a small 9 m 29 ft across recumbent stone circle located 2 4 km 1 5 mi east of glandore county cork ireland