Italy is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely temperate seasonal climate. The country covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares right of entry home borders following France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). as soon as going on for 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous advocate allow in of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been house to a myriad of ancient peoples and cultures, the most predominant brute the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic similar to a government of the Senate and the People that expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant facility in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, embassy and religious middle of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a times of more than 200 years during which Italy’s law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can as well as be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
During the beforehand middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous challenger city-states and maritime republics, mainly in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to good prosperity through trade, commerce and banking, laying the groundwork for enlightened capitalism. The Renaissance began in Italy and develop to the settle of Europe, bringing a renewed incorporation in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing well-known scholars, artists and polymaths. During the middle Ages, Italian explorers discovered supplementary routes to the in the distance East and the other World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy’s poster and diplomatic talent significantly waned gone the establishment of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting in the middle of the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, and it was as soon as conquered and supplementary separated by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign direct led to a times of chaotic embassy upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and diplomatic division, Italy was almost utterly unified in 1861, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a good power. From the late 19th century to the in the future 20th century, Italy unexpectedly industrialised, namely in the north, and acquired a colonial empire, though the south remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite living thing one of the main victors in World engagement I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist autocracy in 1922. Participation in World battle II on the Axis side curtains in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. past the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, usual a democratic Republic and enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, becoming a very developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically militant countries, later than its economy ranking eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth, the third-largest central bank gold reserve, and a enormously high computer graphics expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and embassy affairs; it is both a regional talent and a great power, and is ranked the world’s eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading enthusiast of the European devotion and a believer of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the union for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen area and many more. The country have greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts, music, literature, philosophy, science and technology, fashion, cinema, cuisine, sports, as without difficulty as jurisprudence, banking and business. As a extra of its cultural wealth, Italy is home to the world’s largest number of World descent Sites, and is the fifth-most visited country.
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map of italy italy regions rough guides plan your trip around italy with interactive travel maps from rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of italy italy regions map wandering italy italy is composed of 20 regions which are outlined in gray on the map each region has a different cuisine and many regions and and provinces have their own dialect of italian this makes a trip to italy like a trip to many different countries italy regions provinces cities communes localities population statistics in maps and charts for regions provinces cities communes localities and boroughs in italy italy administrative division regions and provinces italy administrative division contents regions and provinces the population of the italian regions provinces and metropolitan provinces called metropolitan cities according to census results and latest official estimates category maps of regions of italy wikimedia commons media in category maps of regions of italy the following 70 files are in this category out of 70 total italy provinces map world maps description this map shows administrative divisions in italy go back to see more maps of italy maps of italy italy maps cities islands regions ski resorts italy regions map tripsavvy italy is divided into 20 regions each region is divided into provinces and each province is divided into municipalities italy regions regional map of italy regions of italy italy regions regional map of italy regions of italy italian regions regions in italy italian regional government twenty regions regions and provinces italy regional differences regional administration provinces of italy wikipedia provinces of italy in 2012 within related regions a province of the italian republic is composed of many municipalities comune usually several provinces together form a region the region of aosta valley is the sole exception it is not subdivided into provinces and provincial functions are exercised by the region italy regions and provinces crw flags use of gonfalons and local flags as far as i know several flags of italian regions provinces and towns are vertically hanged flags in fact they are not flags as we know them but gonfanons that is to say that they are hanged vertically falling from a metal horizontal bar and often being swallow tailed