Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated upon the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory also includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the lonesome European country to have a innate connect past an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are furthermore ration of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small house boundary next Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the niche of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; further major urban areas add together Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula almost 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along similar to ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came below Roman announce on 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and normal relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly mingle every permanent independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was then documented as Hispania.
In the further on eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to deem most of the peninsula in the year 726, desertion unaccompanied a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting happening to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering times across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the launch of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to slant the invasion. taking into account the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
In the upfront broadminded period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, rejection a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken indigenous language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were furthermore many advancements in the arts, bearing in mind world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish teacher work, Don Quixote, was moreover published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World pedigree Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, later than King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall allowance country, later than the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing capacity parity. It is a devotee of the allied Nations (UN), the European devotion (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the organization of Ibero-American States (OEI), the union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic agreement management (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and build up (OECD), presidency for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade government (WTO) and many additional international organisations. while not an recognized member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto aficionada of the group.
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map of spain lonelyplanet com map of spain and travel information about spain brought to you by lonely planet spain map of cities in spain mapquest you can customize the map before you print click the map and drag to move the map around position your mouse over the map and use your mouse wheel to zoom in or out map of spain spain regions rough guides plan your trip around spain with interactive travel maps from rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of spain use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of spain from picture perfect villages nestled in the folds of mountains to extravagant architecture spain is a visual treat spain map geography of spain map of spain worldatlas com spain has a population of 47 042 984 and gained its independence in 1479 it has shares its land borders with 5 countries morocco gibraltar andorra france and portugal it has shares its land borders with 5 countries morocco gibraltar andorra france and portugal map of spain southern spain travel here s a map of spain s regions spains regions are very similar to the concept of states in the usa but with more autonomy on this site we mainly focus on the region of andalucia the southern part of spain rail map of spain and portugal tripsavvy com this map is intended to be used for travel planning and to get an idea of the extent of spain s rail network it shows the major spanish cities and rail lines the lines in blue show high speed train routes the red lines are only suitable for slower trains map of spain michelin spain map viamichelin spain map spain michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 giant map of spain tripsavvy vacation like a pro spain s unique geography makes it one of europe s must see destinations get situated with this giant map of the country s cities and regions