France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories augment French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collection place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic once its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and want ad centre. extra major urban areas count Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the introduction of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The deal of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European power in the tardy middle Ages, taking into account its victory in the Hundred Years’ combat (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amid Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military aptitude in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French lawlessness overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of modern history’s antiquated republics and drafting the announcement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capability and usual the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. as soon as the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous attainment of governments culminating in the manner of the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World war I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World act II, but came below bustle by the Axis powers in 1940. gone liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was expected and unconventional dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, past most retaining near economic and military connections taking into consideration France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving something like 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country similar to the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, simulation expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great skill in global affairs, physical one of the five unshakable members of the united Nations Security Council subsequently the capacity to veto and an attributed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member acknowledge of the European union and the Eurozone, and a zealot of the action of 7, North Atlantic concurrence government (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and expand (OECD), the World Trade giving out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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french alps map travel map for the french alps located in the south east of france along the borders of switzerland and italy the french alps are a picturesque mountain range situated in the provence alpes cote d azur and rhone alpes regions map of french alps region in france welt atlas de map of french alps region in france with cities locations streets rivers lakes mountains and landmarks alps map europe mapcarta the alps are a range of mountains in europe caused by uplift in the european plate as it is impacted by the african plate moving north they stretch from italy through france switzerland liechtenstein germany austria and into slovenia map of the mountains in france the two most important mountain ranges of france are the alps and the pyrenees the highest peak is the mont blanc 4 808 metres above sea level and is in the haute savoie region of the french alps alps mountains map and details world atlas the alps are a mountain system located in south central europe immediately north of the mediterranean sea they extend for almost 700 miles in a crescent shape from the coastline of southern france near monaco into switzerland then through northern italy and into austria and down through map of french alps hotels and attractions on a french map of french alps area hotels locate french alps hotels on a map based on popularity price or availability and see tripadvisor reviews photos and deals alp map alpineroads com click on the region on the map or the text links for information on each region s routes i have divided the alps so to speak into 14 regions map of france ski resorts ski independence need help deciding on a ski resort in france see our map mini guides for the french alps best ski resorts including avoriaz chamonix les arcs more map of french alps cycling climbs cycling challenge com for maps of climbs in other regions see the links below click here for a map of cycling climbs in the south french alps click here for a map of cycling climbs in the pyrenees mountains french alps wikipedia the french alps are the portions of the alps mountain range that stand within france located in the auvergne rhone alpes and provence alpes cote d azur regions