Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory in addition to includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the abandoned European country to have a mammal be next to later than an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are next part of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary afterward Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the niche of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an place of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas put in Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula re 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along afterward ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule not far off from 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician herald Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and normal relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly join all enduring independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was subsequently documented as Hispania.
In the yet to be eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to consider most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving solitary a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting going on to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering epoch across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the foundation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to point the invasion. taking into account the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the tardy 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
In the in advance open-minded period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, neglect a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were moreover many advancements in the arts, in imitation of world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most well-known Spanish bookish work, Don Quixote, was as well as published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World extraction Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, past King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall pension country, gone the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing facility parity. It is a fanatic of the joined Nations (UN), the European devotion (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the government of Ibero-American States (OEI), the bond for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic concurrence executive (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and forward movement (OECD), meting out for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade direction (WTO) and many extra international organisations. while not an qualified member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto fanatic of the group.
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balearic islands maps spain maps of balearic islands c 2012 2019 ontheworldmap com free printable maps all right reserved balearic islands map spain mapcarta the balearic islands are an archipelago in the mediterranean sea off the coast of spain palma de mallorca the capital of the balearic islands offers its visitors not only sunshine numerous bars restaurants and shops but also a beautiful harbour and a historical centre balearic islands map geography of balearic islands map balearic islands description the balearic islands an autonomous division of spain are one of the most popular holiday destinations in all of europe the balearic islands of spain map europeplaces eu zoom out the map by clicking on it majorca minorca ibiza and formentera a group of islands east of the iberian peninsula majorca minorca ibiza and formentera are the largest and popular with visitors to spain as well as the spanish themselves spain map large clear plus balearics canary islands spain maps x 3 large clear simple with tourist places including costas mainland map balearic islands map mallorca etc canaries map tenerife etc map of balearic islands lonelyplanet com map of balearic islands and travel information about balearic islands brought to you by lonely planet majorca maps balearic islands spain map of majorca about majorca autonomous community balearic islands province balearic islands area 1 405 sq mi 3 640 sq km population 860 000 cities towns and resorts balearic islands 2019 best of balearic islands tourism balearic islands spain the brightest stars of los baleares are majorca ibiza and peaceful minorca situated between france and africa the archipelago s islands each have distinct characters map of majorca maps in 2019 majorca spain travel what others are saying la nina hotel in cala figulara mallorca spain whre st peter s singers concert tour of mallorca october 2013 acclaimed leeds based chamber choir st peter s singers make a return visit to the beautiful balearic island of mallorca from to october balearic islands wikipedia the balearic islands are on a raised platform called the balearic promontory and were formed by uplift they are cut by a network of northwest to southeast faults 12 13