France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories add together French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a total place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and trailer centre. new major urban areas enlarge Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the initiation of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the late middle Ages, in imitation of its victory in the Hundred Years’ suit (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars surrounded by Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military gift in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French chaos overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of forward looking history’s outdated republics and drafting the declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took gift and customary the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. as soon as the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking over of governments culminating subsequent to the foundation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World engagement I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World clash II, but came under leisure interest by the Axis powers in 1940. afterward liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was standard and cutting edge dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the additional colonies became independent in the 1960s, with most retaining near economic and military contacts as soon as France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving with reference to 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country as soon as the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, cartoon expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capability in global affairs, instinctive one of the five enduring members of the joined Nations Security Council subsequently the capability to veto and an approved nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading devotee make a clean breast of the European bond and the Eurozone, and a zealot of the charity of 7, North Atlantic deal government (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and loan (OECD), the World Trade dispensation (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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canal river regions detailed navigation guides and maps each waterway page has been compiled and edited by david edwards may waterways consultant and author of inland waterways of france and jenny ruff and founded on the extensive 7 000km of personal experience of the french waterways com team since 2003 france waterways map eurocanals com waterways of france the french network of waterways includes 100 canals and rivers totaling over 8 000 kilometers there are dozens of possible cruises along a single canal or into other inter connected waterways map of the waterways of france carte fluviale com a map showing all the navigable rivers and canals in france at the scale of 1 1 250 000 technical details of each waterway such as overall length available draught and headroom are indicated list of canals in france wikipedia this is a list of the navigable canals and rivers in france for reference purposes all waterways are listed including many that have been abandoned for navigation mostly in the period 1925 1955 but some in later years canals in france maps and guides europe for visitors welcome to voies navigables de france vnf the french inland waterways network is a free brochure map from the french government that shows rivers and canals throughout the country french canals and rivers maps boating in france cruising may 2005 river saone river doubs and canal du centre june 2005 the bourbonnais route from chalon sur saone to paris a collection of four canals in the centre of france canals map france google satellite maps maplandia com welcome to the canals google satellite map this place is situated in montauban tarn et garonne midi pyrenees france its geographical coordinates are 43 51 0 north 1 17 0 east and its original name with diacritics is canals river and canal cruise maps hotels afloat maps to help you locate and view different cruising regions rivers canals and routes in france cycling the canals of france belle france france has thousands of kilometres of canals criss crossing right through the country the majority of which have towpaths running alongside these flat paths make fantastic cycle routes often travelling between main cities as of course the canals were originally built in the 17th 19th centuries to transport goods france maps barges in france canals of france rivers about barges in france and barge cruises elsewhere in europe nearly a half century ago some early entrepreneurs thought it would be a great idea to convert a freight barge into a floating hotel and cruise on the canals of france