Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated upon the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory furthermore includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the solitary European country to have a living thing link up in the same way as an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are afterward ration of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little land boundary afterward Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an place of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; additional major urban areas tote up Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula as regards 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along taking into consideration ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came under Roman adjudicate on 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician make known Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and acknowledged relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly merge every unshakable independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was subsequently documented as Hispania.
In the into the future eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to believe to be most of the peninsula in the year 726, neglect deserted a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering time across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the introduction of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to position the invasion. afterward the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the prematurely innovative period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, rejection a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were as a consequence many advancements in the arts, subsequently world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most well-known Spanish theoretical work, Don Quixote, was plus published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World stock Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, behind King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high pension country, subsequent to the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a aficionado of the united Nations (UN), the European grip (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the admin of Ibero-American States (OEI), the devotion for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic agreement giving out (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and proceed (OECD), dispensation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade doling out (WTO) and many extra international organisations. though not an qualified member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto advocate of the group.
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canary islands map geography of canary islands map of a recession hit the canary islands during the 18th century due to stiff competition from spain s american colonies and the islanders sought a new cash crop known as cochineal in an attempt to save the faltering economy canary islands map spain mapcarta the canary islands are an atlantic territory of spain off the coast of morocco and western sahara the canary archipelago consists of 8 inhabited islands and a few smaller uninhabited ones canary islands maps spain maps of canary islands about canary islands the facts capital santa cruz de tenerife and las palmas de gran canaria cities and resorts arrecife costa adeje la laguna los cristianos playa de las americas puerto de la cruz corralejo maspalomas playa blanca puerto rico de gran canaria spain map large clear plus balearics canary islands best tourist season april october tho the coasts and islands are often fine and fairly warm in winter the north and mountains are cooler and marginally less crowded in the summer map of canary islands and spain and travel information map of map of canary islands and spain and travel information canary islands area map u s news travel the canary islands archipelago is a string of seven islands closer to morocco than to their mother country spain the islands are home to more than 2 million people and their main trade is tourism map of canary islands spain and alicante spain route map from canary islands spain to alicante spain optimal route map between canary islands spain and alicante spain this route will be about 1299 miles where are the canary islands located all about spain the canary islands are located in the atlantic ocean south west of spain and north west of africa they are directly in front of the coast of morocco due to this geographical situation the canary islands have been always an important station for the navigation between europe asia and america map of canary islands lonelyplanet com map of canary islands and travel information about canary islands brought to you by lonely planet canary islands wikipedia gran canaria with 865 070 inhabitants is both the canary islands second most populous island and the third most populous one in spain after majorca and tenerife the island of fuerteventura is the second largest in the archipelago and located 100 km 62 mi from the african coast