Europe is a continent located enormously in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost portion of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be not speaking from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies physical geography, the home link up is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several grow old since its first conception in classical antiquity. The separation of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which revise upon a spectrum rather than next a brilliant dividing line. The geographic connect in the company of Europe and Asia does not follow any declare boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are with transcontinental in that the main allocation is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in supplementary continents.
Europe covers just about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is divided into roughly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of nearly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. new from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration period marked the stop of ancient archives and the start of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the unbiased era. in the past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. with the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various period the Americas, vis–vis all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French disorder and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to advocate economic, cultural and social fiddle with in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allowance in Europe, contributing to a halt in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet devotion and the associated States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was at odds along the Iron Curtain amongst NATO in the West and the Warsaw treaty in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, afterward a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, taking into consideration the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. other European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking together (EU), a surgically remove political entity that lies between a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward before the drop of the Soviet grip in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the course of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes affix and immigration controls in the midst of most of its zealot states.
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historical atlas of europe 21 september 1955 warsaw pact historical map of europe the mediterranean 21 september 1955 warsaw pact after the death of stalin in 1953 a thaw in relations between east and west allowed for the end of the occupations of germany and austria however when west germany was accepted into nato the soviets retaliated by forming their own alliance the warsaw pact old maps of europe old maps of europe on old maps online discover the past of europe on historical maps european history at the time of the world wars and the the past decades have seen europe torn apart and its map radically redrawn by world war 1 1914 18 and the treaty of versailles the great depression the rise of nazi germany world war 2 1939 45 and now the cold war historical maps of europe edmaps com a collection of historical maps covering the european history from its beginning to our days map of europe member states of the eu nations online europe map of member states of the european union the map is showing the european continent with european union member states new member states of the european union since 2004 2007 and 2013 member states of european free trade association efta and the location of country capitals and major european cities map depicting communist takeovers in eastern europe 1945 map depicting communist takeovers in eastern europe 1945 1955 which churchill discussed in this speech more information find this pin and more on iron curtain speech by truman and the cold war muckrakers map of europe europe map huge repository of european map of europe 2018 the map of europe above is huge so click on it and then hit the little icon in the top right hand corner to make it enlarge to full size europe countries map quiz game this europe map quiz game has got you covered from iceland to greece and everything in between this geography study aid will get you up to speed in no time while also being fun from iceland to greece and everything in between this geography study aid will get you up to speed in no time while also being fun atlas map cold war in europe 1950 pearson atlas map cold war in europe 1950 to view map at full size click here in 1949 the united states and its western allies formed the north atlantic treaty organization nato to confront the perceived threat from the soviet union and its allies the warsaw pact europe wikipedia europe is a continent located entirely in the northern hemisphere and mostly in the eastern hemisphere it is bordered by the arctic ocean to the north the atlantic ocean to the west asia to the east and the mediterranean sea to the south