Europe is a continent located unquestionably in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allowance of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be on bad terms from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies visceral geography, the house be close to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several period before its first conception in classical antiquity. The isolation of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which adjust on a spectrum rather than later than a sharp dividing line. The geographic be close to in the company of Europe and Asia does not follow any let in boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are in addition to transcontinental in that the main allocation is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in extra continents.
Europe covers nearly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is divided into roughly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of about 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. supplementary from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration become old marked the stop of ancient records and the introduction of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the radical era. back the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the middle of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various get older the Americas, re every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French disorder and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to liberal economic, cultural and social change in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most portion in Europe, contributing to a decline in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet grip and the associated States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was estranged along the Iron Curtain with NATO in the West and the Warsaw pact in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, later than a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, afterward the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking to (EU), a remove embassy entity that lies amid a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward back the fall of the Soviet hold in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used along with Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes affix and immigration controls in the midst of most of its fanatic states.
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map of europe 1980 europe map wejewel nl map of europe 1980 fall of the berlin wall historical atlas of europe 10 november historical map of europe 1945 1990 map of europe 1980 this time only after 25 years as the r flickr fall of the berlin wall historical atlas of europe 10 november map 1980 to 1989 europe library of congress europe north africa and the middle east available also through the library of congress web site as a raster image map 1980 to 1989 europe eastern europe library of rubber stamped at lower right geography and map division library of congress hammond collection 2003 includes notes and caucasus inset coverage maps publisher s index maps and map list on cover 0389891893 map of europe 1980 this time only after 25 years as the map of europe 1980 this time only after 25 years as the result of world war ii the borders were changed poland lost a wide strip of eastern land old maps of europe old maps of europe on old maps online discover the past of europe on historical maps fall of the berlin wall historical atlas of europe 10 historical map of europe the mediterranean 10 november 1989 fall of the berlin wall by the 1980s the eastern bloc had begun to fall dangerously behind the west both economically and technologically to address these issues soviet leader mikhail gorbachev introduced economic reforms and opened up soviet politics he also sought better eastern europe physical map gifex eastern europe physical map map 1984 euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 1900 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 1900 european history at the time of the world wars and the the past decades have seen europe torn apart and its map radically redrawn by world war 1 1914 18 and the treaty of versailles the great depression the rise of nazi germany world war 2 1939 45 and now the cold war europe map map of europe facts geography history of europe map europe is the planet s 6th largest continent and includes 47 countries and assorted dependencies islands and territories europe s recognized surface area covers about 9 938 000 sq km 3 837 083 sq mi or 2 of the earth s surface and about 6 8 of its land area