Europe is a continent located categorically in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allocation of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies mammal geography, the land border is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several become old previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The estrangement of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which amend on a spectrum rather than as soon as a sharp dividing line. The geographic connect in the company of Europe and Asia does not follow any acknowledge boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and joined Kingdom are then transcontinental in that the main allowance is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in extra continents.
Europe covers practically 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of estate area). Politically, Europe is on bad terms into more or less fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of virtually 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. extra from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration times marked the stop of ancient chronicles and the beginning of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the modern era. in the past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various time the Americas, just about all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to avant-garde economic, cultural and social alter in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most part in Europe, contributing to a halt in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet hold and the allied States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was at odds along the Iron Curtain in the midst of NATO in the West and the Warsaw pact in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, when a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, afterward the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. supplementary European integration by some states led to the formation of the European union (EU), a surgically remove political entity that lies together with a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward past the fall of the Soviet linkage in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used along with Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes border and immigration controls in the midst of most of its fanatic states.
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learn about the history of europe in the 19th century europe and nations 1815 1914 throughout the 19th century there was growing interest in establishing new national identities which had a drastic impact on the map of europe these transformations also highlighted the failure of a certain european order which led to the outbreak of the first world war category maps of 19th century europe wikimedia commons media in category maps of 19th century europe the following 25 files are in this category out of 25 total discover the european colonial empires british french in the 19th century energized by the industrial revolution and under pressure from a rapidly growing population europe launched a new period of colonial expansion inspired by the discovery of new markets new areas for the settlement of europe s poor migrants and the desire to civilize the barbarian nations category 19th century maps of europe wikimedia commons media in category 19th century maps of europe the following 70 files are in this category out of 70 total european transportation maps of the 19th century european transportation maps of the 19th century european transportation maps of the 19th century this web page provides access to some of the maps showing european transportation facilities during the 19th century that are held at the university of chicago library s map collection history of europe euratlas online historical atlas of europe showing a map of the european continent and the mediterranean basin at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 thus the history of europe is described as a cultural area through antiquity medieval and early modern times with detailed history maps political satire map of europe from the 19th century all right i love the style of this map but can everyone please elaborate on what s supposed to be happening in your neck of the woods estonia is one of the little hairy guys standing or dancing around in livonia and i would assume that our broken chains denote the abolition of serfdom in the 19th century timeline of the 19th century wikipedia 1815 the congress of vienna redraws the european map reaction and conservatism dominate all of europe the concert of europe attempts to preserve this settlement but the forces of liberalism and nationalism make for dramatic changes history of europe the middle 19th century britannica com history of europe history of europe the middle 19th century during the half century when romanticism was deploying its talents and ideas the political minds inside or outside romanticist culture were engaged in the effort to settle each party or group or theory in its own way the legacy of 1789 there were at least half a dozen great