Europe is a continent located agreed in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost ration of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be not speaking from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies visceral geography, the land border is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several get older in the past its first conception in classical antiquity. The disaffection of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which change on a spectrum rather than with a smart dividing line. The geographic connect between Europe and Asia does not follow any make a clean breast boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are in addition to transcontinental in that the main share is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in new continents.
Europe covers not quite 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of house area). Politically, Europe is at odds into practically fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of about 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. further from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration grow old marked the stop of ancient archives and the introduction of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the highly developed era. back the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amongst the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various get older the Americas, more or less all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to campaigner economic, cultural and social alter in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most part in Europe, contributing to a halt in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet devotion and the allied States took prominence. During the chilly War, Europe was on bad terms along the Iron Curtain amid NATO in the West and the Warsaw deal in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, with a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, similar to the idea of unifying Europe to attain common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. supplementary European integration by some states led to the formation of the European bond (EU), a separate political entity that lies between a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward since the fall of the Soviet union in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used accompanied by Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes affix and immigration controls in the midst of most of its zealot states.
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historical atlas of europe 23 april 1913 first balkan war historical map of europe the mediterranean 23 april 1913 first balkan war seeing how weak the ottoman empire was in its fight against italy an alliance of balkan states launched an invasion of ottoman europe in october 1912 the ottomans immediately made peace with italy but still lost almost all of their european possessions hisatlas map of map of europe 1815 1913 joaquin de salas vara de rey political and historical atlas hisatlas europe map of map of europe 1815 1913 historical atlas of europe 31 july 1913 second balkan war historical map of europe the mediterranean 31 july 1913 second balkan war bulgaria had gained much territory in the war against the ottomans but less than what it had been promised in june 1913 exactly one month after peace had been signed it attacked serbia for more land however in the war that followed the greeks montenegrins hisatlas map of europe 1815 1913 joaquin de salas vara de rey political and historical atlas hisatlas europe map of europe 1815 1913 maps for mappers historical maps thefutureofeuropes wiki blank map of europe in 1500 ad by macky cabangon aka kosovo mapper map of europe 1913 by philippines1111 a map of europe 1914 with some of the middle east and with a water texture europe atlas world atlas 1913 historical map this antique map europe and atlas world atlas 1913 are part of the historic map works residential genealogy historical map collection the largest digital collection of rare ancient old historical cadastral and antiquarian maps of its type european borders in 1914 vs european borders today map found via reddit user areat the map above shows what europe s borders looked on the eve of world war one in 1914 overlaid on top of the borders of european countries today map of europe 1914 emersonkent com map description historical map of europe in 1914 illustrating allied powers central powers neutral powers railways credits courtesy of the united states military academy department of history european history 1914 ce timemaps this map shows what is happening in the history of europe in 1500 bce bronze age cultures over the past thousand years europe has become coverd by a network of bronze age farming cultures ruled for the most part by powerful chiefs and warrior elites atlas of european history wikimedia commons history maps this section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present day europe illustrated with maps including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present day europe