Europe is a continent located unquestionably in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost portion of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be estranged from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies beast geography, the land affix is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several epoch past its first conception in classical antiquity. The distancing of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which correct on a spectrum rather than once a smart dividing line. The geographic be next to amid Europe and Asia does not follow any give access boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and united Kingdom are also transcontinental in that the main ration is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in supplementary continents.
Europe covers not quite 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of house area). Politically, Europe is at odds into nearly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of practically 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. further from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration epoch marked the stop of ancient records and the introduction of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the forward looking era. back the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the midst of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various era the Americas, just about all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French chaos and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to advocate economic, cultural and social amend in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most allowance in Europe, contributing to a grow less in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet hold and the united States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was on bad terms along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the West and the Warsaw unity in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, following a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, in the same way as the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking to (EU), a sever embassy entity that lies amongst a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward before the fall of the Soviet sticking to in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used along with Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes connect and immigration controls in the middle of most of its supporter states.
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europe historical maps perry castaneda map collection main library perry castaneda library 101 east 21st st austin tx 78713 phone 512 495 4250 location of the 1914 1918 battlefields of the western front location of the 1914 1918 battlefields of the western front our map illustrates the battlefield sectors of the 1914 1918 western front the line of battlefields ran through a wide variety of landscapes from its northern end in the dunes of the west flanders belgian coast to the frontier crossing at the village of pfetterhouse on the republic of german austria wikipedia creation in habsburg austria hungary german austria was an unofficial term for the areas of the empire inhabited by austrian germans on 12 october 1918 emperor charles i met with the leaders of the largest german parties the map as history a multimedia atlas the map as history a multimedia atlas of world history with animated historical maps europe wikipedia europe is a continent located entirely in the northern hemisphere and mostly in the eastern hemisphere it is bordered by the arctic ocean to the north the atlantic ocean to the west asia to the east and the mediterranean sea to the south czechoslovakia history map facts britannica com czechoslovakia former country in central europe encompassing the historical lands of bohemia moravia and slovakia it was formed from several provinces of the collapsing empire of austria hungary in 1918 at the end of world war i in 1993 it was split into the new countries of the czech republic and slovakia estonia map geography of estonia map of estonia printable map of estonia and info and links to estonia facts famous natives landforms latitude longitude maps symbols timeline and weather by worldatlas com belarus map geography of belarus map of belarus then came world war i a major war centered in europe that began in the summer of 1914 and lasted until november 1918 as it raged across europe belarus came under german control which continued throughout the entire conflict historical map web sites perry castaneda map collection main library perry castaneda library 101 east 21st st austin tx 78713 phone 512 495 4250 pays europe information complete sur les 50 pays d le continent borde a l ouest par l ocean atlantique une etendue d eau comme frontiere naturelle fait majeur concernant les pays europe de l ouest la chute du rideau de fer reunissant deux allemagne