Europe is a continent located no question in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost ration of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies being geography, the home link up is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several epoch before its first conception in classical antiquity. The unfriendliness of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which adjust upon a spectrum rather than subsequent to a brilliant dividing line. The geographic affix surrounded by Europe and Asia does not follow any welcome boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and united Kingdom are in addition to transcontinental in that the main allowance is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in additional continents.
Europe covers roughly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of home area). Politically, Europe is separated into more or less fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of nearly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. further from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration era marked the stop of ancient records and the initiation of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the broadminded era. in the past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amid the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various get older the Americas, with reference to all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French disorder and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to protester economic, cultural and social fiddle with in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allocation in Europe, contributing to a terminate in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet bond and the associated States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was at odds along the Iron Curtain amid NATO in the West and the Warsaw pact in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, once a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, afterward the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European hold (EU), a separate political entity that lies along with a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward in the past the drop of the Soviet grip in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used accompanied by Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes link up and immigration controls among most of its member states.
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german occupied europe wikipedia german occupied europe refers to the sovereign countries of europe which were occupied and civil occupied including puppet government by the military forces and the government of nazi germany at various times between 1938 and 1945 during and shortly before world war ii generally administered by the nazi regime germany the nazis maps german occupied europe german military forces occupied norway denmark belgium northern france serbia parts of northern greece and vast tracts of territory in eastern europe italy hungary romania bulgaria slovakia finland croatia and vichy france were all either allied to germany or subject to heavy german influence between 1942 and 1944 german military forces extended the area under their occupation map of europe in 1944 emersonkent com map description historical map of world war ii europe in 1944 illustrating allied gains in europe june 6 july 24 1944 july 25 september 14 1944 world war ii maps europe wikimedia commons northwestern europe 1944 21st army group operations 15 september 15 december third army last phase of lorraine offensive 3 to 19 december 1944 southern france edit division of germany historical atlas of europe 13 july historical map of europe the mediterranean 13 july 1945 division of germany with the nazis defeated the four allied powers britain france the us and the soviet union divided germany into four occupation zones marking additional german territory in the east for later polish and soviet annexation the german capital of berlin was german rule in occupied europe the holocaust encyclopedia german rule in occupied europe germany planned to annex most of the conquered eastern territories after they had been germanized while some areas were to serve as reservations for forced laborers most were to be resettled by german colonists map of europe in 1944 5 world history for the relaxed map description historical map of world war ii europe in 1944 5 illustrating allied gains december 15 1944 may 7 1945 credits courtesy of the united states military academy department of history world war ii german occupied europe britannica com those countries left by germany under military administration which originally had been imposed everywhere such as france and serbia would eventually be included more loosely in a german dominated european bloc allied occupied germany wikipedia the four powers divided germany as a whole into four occupation zones for administrative purposes under the united states united kingdom france and the soviet union respectively creating what became collectively known as allied occupied germany german alliierten besetztes deutschland german occupation of luxembourg during world war ii the german occupation of luxembourg in world war ii began in may 1940 after the grand duchy of luxembourg was invaded by nazi germany although luxembourg was officially neutral it was situated at a strategic point at the end of the french maginot line