Europe is a continent located no question in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allocation of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be on bad terms from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies monster geography, the home connect is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several times past its first conception in classical antiquity. The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which rework upon a spectrum rather than behind a smart dividing line. The geographic connect amid Europe and Asia does not follow any confess boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are afterward transcontinental in that the main allowance is in Europe even though pockets of their territory are located in other continents.
Europe covers more or less 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of home area). Politically, Europe is separated into just about fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of roughly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. other from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration grow old marked the stop of ancient history and the initiation of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the campaigner era. back the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amongst the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various time the Americas, re every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French disorder and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to protester economic, cultural and social tweak in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most portion in Europe, contributing to a halt in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet hold and the joined States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was at odds along the Iron Curtain with NATO in the West and the Warsaw pact in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, later a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, bearing in mind the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. additional European integration by some states led to the formation of the European bond (EU), a sever embassy entity that lies along with a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward previously the drop of the Soviet sticking to in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used along with Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes affix and immigration controls in the middle of most of its member states.
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learn about the history of europe in the 19th century europe and nations 1815 1914 throughout the 19th century there was growing interest in establishing new national identities which had a drastic impact on the map of europe category maps of 19th century europe wikimedia commons media in category maps of 19th century europe the following 25 files are in this category out of 25 total category 19th century maps of europe wikimedia commons media in category 19th century maps of europe the following 70 files are in this category out of 70 total discover the european colonial empires british french in the 19th century energized by the industrial revolution and under pressure from a rapidly growing population europe launched a new period of colonial expansion inspired by the discovery of new markets new areas for the settlement of europe s poor migrants and the desire to civilize the barbarian nations europe in the xix century mapire the historical map maps of europe city maps country maps cadastral maps thematic maps subscribe europe in the xix century survey boundaries europe in the xix century related maps 1 100 000 scale topographic map rektangelkart of kingdom of norway bohemia 1842 1853 second military survey of the habsburg empire europe in the 19th century q files the online library the world in the century between 1815 and 1914 was largely dominated by european powers germany and italy previously made up of a number of small states or kingdoms finally became single united nations timeline of the 19th century wikipedia 1815 the congress of vienna redraws the european map reaction and conservatism dominate all of europe the concert of europe attempts to preserve this settlement but the forces of liberalism and nationalism make for dramatic changes history of europe the middle 19th century britannica com the middle 19th century during the half century when romanticism was deploying its talents and ideas the political minds inside or outside romanticist culture were engaged in the effort to settle each party or group or theory in its own way the legacy of 1789 map of europe during the 14th century emersonkent com map description historical map of europe during the 14th century illustrating among others portugal castile leon granada aragon navarre aquitaine france history of europe revolution and the growth of revolution and the growth of industrial society 1789 1914 developments in 19th century europe are bounded by two great events the french revolution broke out in 1789 and its effects reverberated throughout much of europe for many decades