France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories tote up French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a mass area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic in imitation of its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and poster centre. additional major urban areas count up Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the initiation of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European skill in the tardy middle Ages, in the same way as its victory in the Hundred Years’ exploit (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars along with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of enlightened history’s antediluvian republics and drafting the statement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took faculty and conventional the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. bearing in mind the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous attainment of governments culminating next the foundation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World proceedings I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World combat II, but came under motion by the Axis powers in 1940. later liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was usual and well along dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the additional colonies became independent in the 1960s, in imitation of most retaining close economic and military connections in the same way as France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving just about 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country subsequently the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing gift parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, vivaciousness expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capacity in global affairs, bodily one of the five remaining members of the allied Nations Security Council following the skill to veto and an recognized nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading fanatic let pass of the European grip and the Eurozone, and a devotee of the activity of 7, North Atlantic concurrence admin (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and enhance (OECD), the World Trade direction (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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french revolution maps alphahistory com this french revolution site contains articles sources and perspectives on events in france between 1781 and 1795 this site is created and maintained by alpha history map of france during the french revolution and travel map of map of france during the french revolution and travel information map of france during french revolution and travel map of map of france during french revolution and travel information map of paris during the revolution emersonkent com french revolution 1789 1799 map of france 1769 1789 map of france before the revolution map traites customs france 1781 map of the salt tax gabelle france 1781 map of france in 1789 map of paris in 1789 map of paris during the revolution map of revolutionary paris map of versailles in 1789 map of central europe in 1789 reference maps on the french revolutionary wars 1792 1802 map the french revolution fsmitha com map of france 1789 with regions marked that revolted in 1793 and neighboring territories map of france during french revolution dickinson college this map is an example from a collection of historical french maps and shows france and its divisions as they were in 1789 at the focal point of the french revolution map of france during the french revolution twitterleesclub french revolution maps the french revolution 1789 95 french revolution maps map of france during french revolution dickinson college wiki french revolution maps map of france in 1789 map of france during french revolution french revolution maps map of france at 1789ad timemaps 1789 1794 revolutionary france french revolution maps historical maps of france edmaps com historical maps of france atlas historique de la france depuis cesar jusqu a nos jours auguste longnon 1907 gaule merovingienne vidal lablache atlas general d histoire et de geographie 1912 dechristianization of france during the french revolution the dechristianization of france during the french revolution is a conventional description of the results of a number of separate policies conducted by various governments of france between the start of the french revolution in 1789 and the concordat of 1801 forming the basis of the later and less radical laicite policies paris paris during and after the french revolution 1789 paris during and after the french revolution 1789 to mid 19th century the french revolution of 1789 destroyed those vestiges of the seigneurial systems that had remained in paris and consolidated the status of paris as the capital of a centralized france