France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories add together French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a sum up place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic following its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and personal ad centre. new major urban areas add up Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the beginning of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The pact of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the late middle Ages, later its victory in the Hundred Years’ case (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capacity in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French mayhem overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of liberal history’s earliest republics and drafting the support of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took gift and traditional the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. considering the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking office of governments culminating in imitation of the start of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World engagement I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World raid II, but came below movement by the Axis powers in 1940. subsequent to liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was usual and far ahead dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, later most retaining near economic and military contacts as soon as France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World parentage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving roughly speaking 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country considering the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capability parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs competently in international rankings of education, health care, simulation expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great talent in global affairs, innate one of the five long-lasting members of the associated Nations Security Council once the capacity to veto and an endorsed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading believer come clean of the European linkage and the Eurozone, and a enthusiast of the outfit of 7, North Atlantic agreement handing out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), the World Trade management (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of france cities france map with cities and towns in 2006 although the population is still centered around paris and major cities some remote areas of cities are becoming denser strongly the largest cities of france are in order the city of paris the city of lyon the city of marseille the city of lille the city of toulouse the city of nice the city of bordeaux the city of nantes the city of strasbourg and the city of toulon maps of france about france lots of maps of france see left column large screen or below small screen device for list of general and thematic maps 1 general map of france showing main towns cities this map shows all mainland french regional capitals plus other major regional towns and cities that are not regional capitals detailed clear large road map of france ezilon maps zoom map description detailed clear large road map of france with road routes from cities to towns road intersections in regions provinces prefectures also with routes leading to neighboring countries map of france departments regions cities france map map of france cities map france cities map of france key data administrative divisions france is divided into 27 regions 101 departments 343 districts arrondissements 4 058 townships cantons and 36 699 towns communes large detailed map of france with cities world maps description this map shows cities towns roads and railroads in france france map explore places and attractions on a detailed each of these individual regions departments and places on francethisway also has a more detailed map showing many of the highlights and places in that french region or near the selected destination interactive france map regions and cities a clickable map of the regions and major cities of france click on a city or region to learn more about it discover all france has to offer maps of france detailed map of france in english maps of france collection of detailed maps of france political administrative road physical topographical travel and other maps of france cities of france on the maps maps of france in english interactive map of france french cities regions this interactive map of france has 2 illustrated maps with information on key french cities and hot spots and 2 normal maps with regions and departments france map of cities in france mapquest you can customize the map before you print click the map and drag to move the map around position your mouse over the map and use your mouse wheel to zoom in or out