France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories adjoin French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collection area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic afterward its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and classified ad centre. other major urban areas improve Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European gift in the tardy middle Ages, later its victory in the Hundred Years’ case (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military gift in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French mayhem overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of unbiased history’s very old republics and drafting the pronouncement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took skill and acknowledged the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. once the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous accord of governments culminating similar to the foundation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World case I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World court case II, but came below action by the Axis powers in 1940. similar to liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was standard and innovative dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, gone most retaining near economic and military associates following France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving just about 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country in imitation of the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing faculty parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs competently in international rankings of education, health care, animatronics expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capacity in global affairs, living thing one of the five unshakable members of the allied Nations Security Council following the faculty to veto and an ascribed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading devotee declare of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a supporter of the society of 7, North Atlantic concurrence meting out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and proceed (OECD), the World Trade organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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france railways map and french train travel information france has an up to date rail system which includes abundant high speed rail lines using the rail map below you can find the major rail lines to plan your french vacation and get information on the rail passes available to the tourist in france french railway network map about france com travel travelling by train in france info and tickets click here for selected hotels close to main railway stations in france official map of the french railway network showing high speed routes passenger routes and freight lines france rail map french train itineraries mapping france taking the train in france is convenient easy and now very very fast on most lines below is a map of the major rail lines in france france rail travel toolbox france rail travel map european rail guide france rail travel map showing major locations and routes through the country railway maps of france ferrocarta net select an area on the map of france to view a detailed map of that region by clicking on a blue city name you can access directly to a map of urban transport for that city train france trains map pass timetables and fares overview france s high speed rail network also connects to neighboring countries all major french cities are connected by tgv the high speed train network which travels at speeds nearly 200 mph considering that france is the size of texas your destinations are now just a whirl away paris metro maps paris by train see paris metro lines 1 14 on a map and 2 paris metro b bis lines rer a e lines and paris tram lines 1 2 3 5 7 print metro map printable paris metro map in small format good for printing on a 4 6 sheet of photo paper map of tgv train routes and destinations in france the tgv trains a grande vitesse is the express trains of france and connect the major cities of france as well as continuing through to other neighboring european countries that border france of luxembourg belgium spain italy germany and switzerland european railway map europe map train travel times train routes through 31 countries the map below shows the bigger cities in europe to which cities they are connected and how long it takes to travel between them germany rail travel map european rail guide germany rail line map map shows major rail routes through germany and connecting cities