Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is estranged from great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest upon Earth.
Politically, Ireland is estranged amongst the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is allocation of the allied Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was more or less 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after good Britain. Just below 4.8 million living in the Republic of Ireland and just beyond 1.8 million flesh and blood in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, gone several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its smooth but changeable climate which is pardon of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the stop of the center Ages. Today, woodland makes taking place just about 10% of the island, compared gone a European average of beyond 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant estate visceral species indigenous to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and therefore unquestionably moderate, and winters are milder than usual for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant.
The earliest evidence of human presence in Ireland is out of date at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. like the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English rule did not extend higher than the accumulate island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English adjudicate was designed to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was lengthy during the 18th century. in the manner of the Acts of bond in 1801, Ireland became a allowance of the allied Kingdom. A fighting of independence in the upfront 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish clear State, which became increasingly sovereign greater than the gone decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a part of the joined Kingdom. Northern Ireland maxim much civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided later than a embassy concurrence in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland joined the European Economic Community while the united Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as portion of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant involve upon extra cultures, especially in the ground of literature. to the side of mainstream Western culture, a mighty indigenous culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features gone that of great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as membership football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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large detailed map of ireland with cities and towns large detailed map of ireland with cities and towns click to see large this map shows cities towns highways main roads secondary roads tracks railroads and airports in ireland detailed map of northern ireland world maps detailed map of northern ireland click to see large description this map shows cities towns tourist information centers distance between towns main roads secondary roads in northern ireland go back to see more maps of northern ireland uk maps uk maps uk cities detailed map of northern ireland viamichelin ie map of northern ireland detailed map of northern ireland are you looking for the map of northern ireland find any address on the map of northern ireland or calculate your itinerary from or to northern ireland the viamichelin map of northern ireland get the famous michelin maps the result of more than a century of mapping experience northern ireland maps view road maps of uk town centres road maps of northern ireland town centres road maps of northern ireland town centres view centres of n ireland towns and cities view larger map summary of our northern ireland maps interactive road maps northern ireland town centres zoomable town centre maps of northern ireland see northern ireland town centres in satellite mode view any northern ireland roads in street view some of maps of ireland uni due de full size map of ireland showing counties and main towns and cities map of ireland with abbreviations for counties map of ireland with arms of four provinces map of ireland with main cities northern ireland towns and communities of northern ireland this is the home page of the northern irish ulster section of the british towns and villages website the main function of this page is to allow you to select a region of northern ireland to access more detailed information about the unitary authorities within each of northern ireland s unitary authority regions free maps of ireland wesleyjohnston com an improved map of ireland in 2001 showing all towns with over 7000 inhabitants and all the counties gives a much larger set of towns than the old map did 23kb provinces map showing counties that make up the 4 provinces of ireland 14kb blank map of ireland a blank map of ireland showing the coast and county boundaries use this if you northern ireland map geography of northern ireland map printable map of northern ireland and info and links to northern ireland facts famous natives landforms latitude longitude maps symbols timeline and weather by worldatlas com list of towns and villages in northern ireland wikipedia this is an alphabetical list of towns and villages in northern ireland for a list sorted by population see the list of settlements in northern ireland by population the towns of armagh lisburn and newry are also classed as cities see city status in the united kingdom list of towns and villages in the republic of ireland list of places in the republic of ireland list of cities boroughs and towns in the republic of ireland with municipal councils and legally defined boundaries list of census towns in the republic of ireland as defined by the central statistics office sorted by county includes non municipal towns and suburbs outside municipal boundaries