Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is on bad terms from good Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest upon Earth.
Politically, Ireland is divided amid the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the associated Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was not quite 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after great Britain. Just below 4.8 million conscious in the Republic of Ireland and just higher than 1.8 million live in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, afterward several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its serene but moody climate which is pardon of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the stop of the middle Ages. Today, woodland makes taking place about 10% of the island, compared later a European average of higher than 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant home instinctive species native to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and consequently unquestionably moderate, and winters are milder than customary for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant.
The early evidence of human presence in Ireland is out of date at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. when the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English deem did not extend more than the sum up island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English declare was designed to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was lengthy during the 18th century. as soon as the Acts of bond in 1801, Ireland became a allocation of the joined Kingdom. A lawsuit of independence in the before 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish clear State, which became increasingly sovereign beyond the like decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a portion of the allied Kingdom. Northern Ireland saw much civil unrest from the tardy 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided later a embassy attainment in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland associated the European Economic Community even though the allied Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as ration of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant upset on further cultures, especially in the sports ground of literature. nearby mainstream Western culture, a mighty indigenous culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features subsequent to that of good Britain, including the English language, and sports such as attachment football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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counties of northern ireland wikipedia the counties and county boroughs in terms of governance were abolished in northern ireland in 1972 and replaced with twenty six unitary councils many of which cross county boundaries the six administrative counties and two county boroughs remain in use for some purposes including car number plates map of counties uniquely northern ireland com map of counties of ireland the four provinces in ancient times ireland was divided into provinces each ruled by a king these provinces were dynamic and their borders changed all the time detailed map of northern ireland world maps description this map shows cities towns tourist information centers distance between towns main roads secondary roads in northern ireland northern ireland map population of northern ireland the province of ulster in 1922 the province of ulster was divided so that six counties now make up the separate state of northern ireland and are part of the uk while three counties remain within the republic of ireland counties and provinces of ireland wesley johnston the map below shows the 32 counties in the island of ireland 26 in the republic of ireland and 6 in northern ireland as well as some of the major towns in italics the four provinces in ancient times ireland was divided into provinces each ruled by a king what are the six counties of northern ireland reference com the six counties of northern ireland are the counties of antrim fermanagh tyrone down armagh and londonderry these six counties are those that chose to become separate independent entities after opting out of the irish free state in 1922 maps of ireland uni due de full size map of ireland showing counties and main towns and cities map of ireland with abbreviations for counties map of ireland with arms of four provinces nine counties in ireland s north the province of ulster even though ulster is in the north of ireland it is important to know that ulster is not the same as northern ireland three of the counties in ulster are actually a part of the republic of ireland ireland counties map quiz game ireland counties map quiz game there are 32 counties on the island the republic of ireland comprises 26 counties while northern ireland accounts for the remaining 6 counties in northern ireland counties are no longer used for local government districts are instead used counties of ireland wikipedia northern ireland shall consist of the parliamentary counties of antrim armagh down fermanagh londonderry and tyrone and the parliamentary boroughs of belfast and londonderry and southern ireland shall consist of so much of ireland as is not comprised within the said parliamentary counties and boroughs