Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory as well as includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the forlorn European country to have a being link up gone an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are next allocation of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small house boundary next Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; additional major urban areas increase Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula with reference to 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along in imitation of ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came below Roman believe to be on the order of 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based upon the earlier Phoenician reveal Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and expected relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly mingle every permanent independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was subsequently documented as Hispania.
In the to the lead eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to decide most of the peninsula in the year 726, desertion and no-one else a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting going on to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering become old across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the instigation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to twist the invasion. past the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the tardy 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
In the to come advanced period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, rejection a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were next many advancements in the arts, behind world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most well-known Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was plus published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, similar to King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high income country, as soon as the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing capacity parity. It is a aficionada of the associated Nations (UN), the European union (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the running of Ibero-American States (OEI), the linkage for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic pact paperwork (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and increase (OECD), executive for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade processing (WTO) and many further international organisations. though not an attributed member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto enthusiast of the group.
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naval station rota naval base in rota spain military bases compared to other military bases in europe naval station rota spain is way different if other bases are mostly operated by the us government under the strict regulations of other governments this one is actually operated by the spanish vice admiral naval station rota wikipedia naval station rota is home to an airfield and a seaport the airfield has often caused the base to be misidentified as naval air station rota the base is the headquarters for commander u s naval activities spain comnavactspain as well as a primary gateway for air mobility command flights into europe naval station rota map cadiz spain mapcarta naval station rota is an airbase and is nearby to platja matanda and punta matanda naval station rota from mapcarta the free map naval station rota in cadiz spain google maps naval station rota provides support for us and nato ships supports the safe and efficient movement of us navy and us air force flights and passengers and provides cargo fuel and ammunition to units in the region rota naval base the village of rota in the cadiz rota naval base by saskia mier the construction of the rotal naval station also known as navsta rota began under the supervision of the naval office of shipyards and ports in 1953 naval station rota military base military com rota was established in 1953 following the signing of an agreement for facilities use between the united states and kingdom of spain the agreement required two years of surveys negotiations and installation overview naval station rota spain the base is the headquarters for commander u s naval activities spain as well as a primary gateway for air mobility command flights into europe naval station rota and its tenant commands employ about 3 000 americans including military civilians 300 and their families within a 25 mile area marinebasis rota wikipedia die base naval de rota der spanischen marine liegt zwischen den ortschaften rota und el puerto de santa maria am nordufer der bucht von cadiz sie hat eine flache von 24 68 km und gehort damit zu einem der grossten marinestutzpunkte europas naval station rota spain navy mil the program executive officer for unmanned and small combatants peo usc granted milestone c approval to the knifefish surface mine countermeasure unmanned undersea vehicle program the decision ns rota sp navymwrrota com congratulations on your orders to u s naval station rota spain the gateway to the mediterranean facility directory use the directory to quickly locate a facility s building or phone number and their hours of operation