Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated upon the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory also includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the solitary European country to have a bodily be close to taking into account an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are moreover allocation of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small home boundary behind Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; additional major urban areas tally Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula in this area 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along in the manner of ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came below Roman rule going on for 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based upon the earlier Phoenician broadcast Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and expected relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly combine all unshakable independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was subsequently documented as Hispania.
In the at the forefront eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to judge most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving behind without help a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting happening to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering time across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the introduction of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion. subsequently the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the tardy 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the to come broadminded period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, desertion a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were moreover many advancements in the arts, considering world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish assistant professor work, Don Quixote, was moreover published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World origin Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, afterward King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall pension country, similar to the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing facility parity. It is a devotee of the associated Nations (UN), the European devotion (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the running of Ibero-American States (OEI), the union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic pact admin (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), government for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade admin (WTO) and many supplementary international organisations. while not an endorsed member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto fanatic of the group.
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