Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is divided from good Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest upon Earth.
Politically, Ireland is separated between the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is portion of the joined Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was virtually 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after great Britain. Just below 4.8 million rouse in the Republic of Ireland and just exceeding 1.8 million enliven in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, as soon as several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its mild but changeable climate which is pardon of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the stop of the center Ages. Today, woodland makes taking place more or less 10% of the island, compared next a European average of more than 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant home instinctive species indigenous to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and hence no question moderate, and winters are milder than acknowledged for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud lid are abundant.
The antediluvian evidence of human presence in Ireland is old at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. once the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English deem did not extend higher than the total island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English believe to be was intended to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was outstretched during the 18th century. when the Acts of union in 1801, Ireland became a portion of the joined Kingdom. A achievement of independence in the in advance 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish free State, which became increasingly sovereign over the following decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a ration of the united Kingdom. Northern Ireland saw much civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided later a embassy appointment in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland joined the European Economic Community while the associated Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as allocation of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant pretend to have on new cultures, especially in the ground of literature. nearby mainstream Western culture, a mighty native culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features in the same way as that of good Britain, including the English language, and sports such as membership football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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counties of ireland wikipedia the counties of ireland irish contaetha na heireann ulster scots coonties o airlann are sub national divisions that have been and in some cases continue to be used to geographically demarcate areas of local government these land divisions were formed following the norman invasion of ireland in imitation of the counties then in use as units of local government in the kingdom of england counties and provinces of ireland wesley johnston county details details of each of ireland s counties are given in the tables below where available there is also a link to an individual map of the county note due to lack of interest no more county maps are being developed however we hope to launch a very large map of ireland on this site in the coming months these figures are based on alphabetical list of the 32 counties of ireland often i have to create web forms with the 32 counties of ireland listed or create maps or whatever and i need the 32 counties listed alphabetically i m sure others have a requirement for this too so following are a few lists of the counties presented in various ways 32 county list of ireland alphabetically sorted capitalised antrim map of ireland with counties and cities and travel map of map of ireland with counties and cities and travel information map of counties uniquely northern ireland com map of counties of ireland below is a map of counties of ireland the idea of counties was first introduced to ireland following the anglo norman invasion in the twelfth century at that time 12 counties of ireland were defined in leinster and munster however improvements in mapping gradually resulted in the counties as we know them today ireland maps maps of republic of ireland political map of ireland 742×872 97 kb go to map large detailed map of ireland with cities and towns 3049×3231 4 24 mb go to map ireland road map 2440×3482 4 37 mb go to map counties map of ireland 3000×3761 1 43 mb go to map ireland physical map 1769×2241 2 32 mb go to map ireland tourist map 1167×1629 1 6 mb go to map road map of uk and ireland 4092×5751 5 45 mb joyce s ireland irish county map joyce s ireland county map of ireland showing main cities map of eire counties towns in southern ireland cities in eire irish map historical counties of ireland antrim to dublin in irish the county is called ceatharlach meaning four lakes and it is the second smallest of the counties of ireland the smallest is louth located in the province of leinster its main towns are carlow and bagenalstown both are on the river barrow for this reason people from county carlow are often referred to as barrowsiders ireland counties map quiz game ireland counties map quiz game there are 32 counties on the island the republic of ireland comprises 26 counties while northern ireland accounts for the remaining 6 counties in northern ireland counties are no longer used for local government districts are instead used