Europe is a continent located utterly in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost portion of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies being geography, the estate affix is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several times before its first conception in classical antiquity. The distancing of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which vary on a spectrum rather than next a sharp dividing line. The geographic link up with Europe and Asia does not follow any divulge boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are as well as transcontinental in that the main share is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in extra continents.
Europe covers about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of house area). Politically, Europe is separated into roughly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of roughly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. extra from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration epoch marked the stop of ancient history and the beginning of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the forward looking era. since the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the middle of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various mature the Americas, roughly speaking all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French revolution and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to radical economic, cultural and social fine-tune in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most ration in Europe, contributing to a decrease in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet grip and the joined States took prominence. During the chilly War, Europe was separated along the Iron Curtain with NATO in the West and the Warsaw treaty in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, next a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, behind the idea of unifying Europe to attain common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European grip (EU), a sever political entity that lies amid a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward since the drop of the Soviet sticking to in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the middle of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes attach and immigration controls in the course of most of its fanatic states.
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europe map map of europe facts geography history of europe map europe is the planet s 6th largest continent and includes 47 countries and assorted dependencies islands and territories europe s recognized surface area covers about 9 938 000 sq km 3 837 083 sq mi or 2 of the earth s surface and about 6 8 of its land area list of countries in europe in alphabetical order list of countries in europe europe is a unique continent which is not surrounded by water from all directions and has an overland border with neighboring asia europe map maps of europe map of europe with countries and capitals 3750×2013 1 23 mb go to map political map of europe map of europe member states of the eu nations online europe map of member states of the european union the map is showing the european continent with european union member states new member states of the european union since 2004 2007 and 2013 member states of european free trade association efta and the location of country capitals and major european cities how many countries are there in europe worldatlas com southern europe is the region covering the southern half of the landmass of europe it includes the european countries of the iberian peninsula the italian peninsula greece and malta southern europe s definition may be extended to include balkan countries that are traditionally placed in eastern map of europe europe map huge repository of european political map of europe above we have a massive map of europe the size of the map is 2500 pixels by 1761 to get the full view you need to click on the image and then click on the x in the top right corner below are the countries of europe and the respective capital cities europe countries map quiz game learn all the countries of europe by playing this fun geography game just click the map to answer the questions list of european countries by average wage wikipedia this is the map and list of european countries by monthly average wage annual divided by 12 months gross and net income after taxes average wages for full time employees in their local currency and in euros countries european union when european countries started to cooperate economically in 1951 only belgium germany france italy luxembourg and the netherlands participated over time more and more countries decided to join countries of europe map quiz sporcle watch sporcle s founder matt name all the countries of europe mostly by following bordering countries