France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories swell French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combined place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic later than its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and public notice centre. additional major urban areas improve Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the beginning of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The settlement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European gift in the tardy center Ages, taking into account its victory in the Hundred Years’ stroke (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French mayhem overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of enlightened history’s old-fashioned republics and drafting the verification of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took faculty and standard the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. in imitation of the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous appointment of governments culminating with the start of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World raid I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World dogfight II, but came below interest by the Axis powers in 1940. when liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was received and cutting edge dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, subsequent to most retaining near economic and military links later France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World stock Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving almost 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country subsequently the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capability parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, enthusiasm expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good power in global affairs, monster one of the five permanent members of the associated Nations Security Council next the facility to veto and an ascribed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading enthusiast give leave to enter of the European hold and the Eurozone, and a enthusiast of the intervention of 7, North Atlantic harmony presidency (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and momentum (OECD), the World Trade supervision (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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somme department 80 map of france inhabitants of somme were 555 551 in the 1999 census and 564 319 in the 2006 census area of departement of somme is 6 170 12 km population density of somme is 91 46 inhabitants per km map of somme michelin somme map viamichelin map of somme detailed map of somme are you looking for the map of somme find any address on the map of somme or calculate your itinerary to and from somme find all the tourist attractions and michelin guide restaurants in somme the somme and the great war world war one battlefields the department of the somme lies in the picardy region of northern france see the travelling to the somme page for information on how to get there and staying in the somme for where to stay the somme battlefields of ww1 france greatwar co uk the somme battlefields of ww1 france the 1914 1918 battlefields of the somme are located in the beautiful rural landscape of the region of picardy and the departement de la somme the river somme flows through the vallee de la haute somme upper somme valley in the east of the departement somme region map abbeville peronne france google browse somme france google maps gazetteer browse the most comprehensive and up to date online directory of administrative regions in france regions are sorted in alphabetical order from level 1 to level 2 and eventually up to level 3 regions map of the somme area oldmapsonline org trench maps of the battle front in france and belgium gruigies se trench maps of the battle front in belgium and parts of france scale 1 20 000 the battlefield of the somme google my maps the map shows the locations of a few of the around 250 memorials and cemeteries that mark the battle of the somme the major interest is usually with the battle in 1916 but in 1918 the americans bbc history world wars animated map battle of the somme the battle of the somme was one of the most significant campaigns of world war one as the allied forces attempted to break through the german front line in northern france 1916 this interactive somme battlefields france trip historic about somme battlefields the circuit of remembrance is a route touring the somme battlefields in france the battle of the somme was an infamous first world war battle from july to november 1916 renowned for the controversial tactics employed by british forces and the exceptional number of casualties borne by the allied forces file map of the battle of the somme 1916 svg wikipedia this is a featured picture which means that members of the community have identified it as one of the finest images on the english wikipedia adding significantly to its accompanying article