Europe is a continent located agreed in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be at odds from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies monster geography, the land connect is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several times past its first conception in classical antiquity. The distancing of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which change on a spectrum rather than with a bright dividing line. The geographic connect surrounded by Europe and Asia does not follow any allow in boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are moreover transcontinental in that the main portion is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in additional continents.
Europe covers nearly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is on bad terms into not quite fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of more or less 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. other from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration times marked the end of ancient history and the arrival of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the avant-garde era. before the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. surrounded by the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various grow old the Americas, not far off from every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French rebellion and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to liberal economic, cultural and social change in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allowance in Europe, contributing to a end in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet hold and the associated States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was not speaking along the Iron Curtain along with NATO in the West and the Warsaw pact in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, past a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, in the same way as the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. other European integration by some states led to the formation of the European devotion (EU), a remove political entity that lies amongst a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward previously the fall of the Soviet sticking together in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the course of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes link up and immigration controls in the course of most of its believer states.
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central europe wikipedia west central and east central europe this conception presented in 1950 distinguishes two regions in central europe german west centre with imperial tradition of the reich and the east centre covered by variety of nations from finland to greece placed between great empires of scandinavia germany italy and the soviet union central europe map europe mapcarta central europe is one of europe s most beautiful regions long divided by the ambitions of warring empires and then cold war tensions this region has been deeply influenced by the holy roman empire austria hungary the ottoman empire the russian empire the polish lithuanian commonwealth and german hegemony throughout history central europe map free world maps the term central europe is generally referred to as the region in the middle of europe comprising of the countries germany poland switzerland austria czech republic slovakia hungary and slovenia political map of central and eastern europe nations map is showing the countries of central europe with their national capitals administrative boundaries major cities and major airports on the map you can click on a city or country name to get more information europe western and central europe university of south western and central europe at the end of the edwardian war 1360 a map of the western and central portion of europe at the end of the edwardian war first phase of the hundred year s war and the signing of the treaty of bretigny map of western europe map of europe europe map western europe as we know it is a geopolitical construct that came into being at the time of the cold war although references to west and eastern europe can be traced back to the roman empire map of central europe map of europe europe map map of central europe there is no common standard of what actually constitutes central europe in fact many of the countries that are defined under this title also form part of eastern western europe europe map map of europe facts geography history of europe topographical map central europe on this larger slice of a european topographical map you can clearly see the major rivers of central europe as well as the alps that slice through austria and switzerland map of western europe tomtom when you own a map update service subscription the latest map may be part of your current subscription you will receive 4 map updates during your subscription of 1 year or 6 map updates during your subscription of 1 5 years western europe wikipedia during the four decades of the cold war the definition of east and west was rather simplified by the existence of the eastern bloc historians and social scientists generally view the cold war definition of western and eastern europe as outdated or relegating