Texas is the second largest state in the joined States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders next the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, further Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Len, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline following the deep hole of Mexico to the southeast.
Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U.S., while San Antonio is the second-most populous in the declare and seventh largest in the U.S. DallasFort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. supplementary major cities add together Austin, the second-most populous welcome capital in the U.S., and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed “The Lone Star State” to signify its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the state’s worry for independence from Mexico. The “Lone Star” can be found upon the Texas divulge flag and upon the Texan permit seal. The lineage of Texas’s proclaim is from the word taysha, which means “friends” in the Caddo language.
Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U.S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly joined past the U.S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas’s home place is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands, forests, and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the desert and mountains of the big Bend.
The term “six flags greater than Texas” refers to several nations that have ruled greater than the territory. Spain was the first European country to claim the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 next Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas joined the union as the 28th state. The state’s annexation set off a chain of activities that led to the MexicanAmerican lawsuit in 1846. A slave give leave to enter since the American Civil War, Texas avowed its secession from the U.S. in before 1861, and officially allied the Confederate States of America upon March 2nd of the thesame year. After the Civil raid and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long era of economic stagnation.
Historically four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World deed II: cattle and bison, cotton, timber, and oil. in the past and after the U.S. Civil proceedings the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, suitably creating the normal image of the Texas cowboy. In the superior 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative. It was ultimately, though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits (Spindletop in particular) that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force at the rear the economy for much of the 20th century. as soon as mighty investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century. As of 2015, it is second upon the list of the most Fortune 500 companies in the manner of 54. gone a growing base of industry, the allow in leads in many industries, including agriculture, petrochemicals, energy, computers and electronics, aerospace, and biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U.S. in allow in export revenue previously 2002, and has the second-highest terrifying let pass product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world.
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