Italy is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the center of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely self-denying seasonal climate. The country covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares entre land borders later France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). bearing in mind approximately 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous believer come clean of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been house to a myriad of ancient peoples and cultures, the most predominant beast the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic with a direction of the Senate and the People that expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant capacity in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, diplomatic and religious middle of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a epoch of more than 200 years during which Italy’s law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can furthermore be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
During the in advance middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous foe city-states and maritime republics, mainly in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to good riches through trade, commerce and banking, laying the groundwork for futuristic capitalism. The Renaissance began in Italy and proceed to the stop of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing famous scholars, artists and polymaths. During the center Ages, Italian explorers discovered other routes to the far East and the additional World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy’s announcement and diplomatic capability significantly waned as soon as the start of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting between the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, and it was bearing in mind conquered and supplementary separated by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign direct led to a time of chaotic diplomatic upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and political division, Italy was on the subject of unconditionally unified in 1861, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a great power. From the late 19th century to the to come 20th century, Italy suddenly industrialised, namely in the north, and acquired a colonial empire, though the south remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite brute one of the main victors in World raid I, Italy entered a grow old of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist totalitarianism in 1922. Participation in World charge II on the Axis side done in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. behind the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, acknowledged a democratic Republic and enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, becoming a very developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically open-minded countries, similar to its economy ranking eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth, the third-largest central bank gold reserve, and a categorically tall vivaciousness expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and embassy affairs; it is both a regional knack and a good power, and is ranked the world’s eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading enthusiast of the European hold and a believer of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the hold for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen place and many more. The country have greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts, music, literature, philosophy, science and technology, fashion, cinema, cuisine, sports, as well as jurisprudence, banking and business. As a addition of its cultural wealth, Italy is house to the world’s largest number of World extraction Sites, and is the fifth-most visited country.
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rome info rome metro map rome metro map rome metro subway simply called metropolitana by italians the metro runs approximately every 7 10 minutes from 5 30am until 11 30pm every day until 0 30am on saturdays rome metro map italy metro of rome europe italy the rome metro is the subway system of the city of rome in italy it is managed by atac the owners of all of the public transportation in rome map of rome subway underground tube metropolitana printable pdf maps of rome subway underground tube metropolitana with informations about the atac network map the stations and the 2 lines routes rome metro map the rome metro is a rapid transit system in the capital of italy rome inaugrated in february 1955 makes it the oldest metro system in italy complete guide to the rome metro subway map an an official rome metro map is available from atac here however please note that the rome metro is only composed of the lines described above and the map also includes regional trains such as the fl1 rome metro lines hours fares and rome metro maps opened in 1955 the metro subway or underground in rome has grown very little by little and currently only operates 37 3 miles 60 km made up of three lines rome attractions map visit a city interactive map of rome with all popular attractions the colosseum the pantheon piazza navona and more take a look at our detailed itineraries guides and maps to help you plan your trip to rome transportation map tourist map of rome italy on rome map 360 you can download in pdf or print useful and practical maps of rome in italy to help you move into the city you may use the transport maps of rome operated by the atac and the trenitalia