Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is estranged from great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest upon Earth.
Politically, Ireland is not speaking along with the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is allocation of the allied Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was practically 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after great Britain. Just below 4.8 million bring to life in the Republic of Ireland and just greater than 1.8 million bring to life in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, in imitation of several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its smooth but changeable climate which is pardon of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the end of the middle Ages. Today, woodland makes occurring roughly 10% of the island, compared in imitation of a European average of more than 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant land inborn species original to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and so categorically moderate, and winters are milder than conventional for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant.
The olden evidence of human presence in Ireland is outdated at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. like the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English decide did not extend greater than the gather together island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English announce was intended to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was elongated during the 18th century. in the same way as the Acts of sticking to in 1801, Ireland became a portion of the joined Kingdom. A combat of independence in the in advance 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish clear State, which became increasingly sovereign beyond the once decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a allowance of the united Kingdom. Northern Ireland wise saying much civil unrest from the tardy 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided later a embassy taking office in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland united the European Economic Community though the united Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as share of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant impinge on on further cultures, especially in the auditorium of literature. next to mainstream Western culture, a strong native culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features subsequent to that of great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as attachment football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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lists of mountains in ireland wikipedia there is no consensus on the definition of mountain but in britain and ireland it is often taken to be a summit over 2 000 ft or more latterly 600 m map of mountains in ireland ukaia me map independent physical ireland mountains map of galtee mountains ireland international trail ulster map of northern ireland showing rivers and mountains northern ireland mountains map uk map lists of mountains in ireland wikipedia in northern ireland mountains map welcome to the united kingdom made up of great britain and also northern ireland the united kingdom might not usually seem to be very joined without a doubt scotland came close to electing for electing self reliance in 2014 top 25 best scenic drives and road trips in ireland top 25 best scenic drives and road trips in ireland driving in ireland is an unforgettable experience from wild winding coastal roads to high mountain passes and from gentle lakeside rides to road trips through endless lush green valleys ireland has some the best scenic drives and road trips in europe if not the world mountains in ireland 7 of the highest walking hiking blog ireland is known for its dramatic and ever changing landscape the mountains of ireland rise above all and provide spectacular viewpoints for the countryside below nine out of the ten highest mountains in ireland are in the macgillycuddy reeks mountain range in kerry the 10 best ireland mountains with photos tripadvisor top ireland mountains see reviews and photos of mountains in ireland europe on tripadvisor irish mountains 10 of the highest mountains in ireland to kerry is where ireland s mountains reach their pinnacle if you are a hiker visiting this country that s where you need to head cnoc na peiste or knocknapeasta is a 988 m peak that is also part of the macgillycuddy s reeks range and it is the fourth highest summit in ireland 17 top rated tourist attractions in ireland planetware ireland s oldest university trinity college in dublin is one of the country s ancient treasures founded in 1592 by queen elizabeth i trinity is a world within a world once you enter the gates and cross the cobblestones it s as if the modern thriving city outside simply melts away map of ireland ireland map google maps ireland map geography map of ireland ireland is an island in western europe surrounded by the atlantic ocean and the irish sea which separates ireland from great britain carrauntoohil wikipedia carrauntoohil is the highest mountain in ireland on all classification scales 8 12 it is the 133rd highest mountain and 4th most prominent mountain in britain and ireland on the simms classification 12