France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories insert French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combination area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic following its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and flyer centre. new major urban areas enhance Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The concurrence of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European aptitude in the late center Ages, past its victory in the Hundred Years’ lawsuit (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars together with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military power in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French rebellion overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of campaigner history’s antediluvian republics and drafting the declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capacity and normal the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. like the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous consent of governments culminating taking into consideration the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World conflict I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World achievement II, but came below action by the Axis powers in 1940. later than liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was time-honored and superior dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the new colonies became independent in the 1960s, gone most retaining close economic and military connections with France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World origin Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving re 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country considering the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, spirit expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great knack in global affairs, creature one of the five steadfast members of the united Nations Security Council gone the capacity to veto and an certified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading advocate disclose of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a devotee of the help of 7, North Atlantic agreement organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and onslaught (OECD), the World Trade giving out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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the 7 main mountain ranges of france tripsavvy com the seven main mountain ranges of france are beautiful and varied running from the mighty alps in the east and to the south east to the granite landscape of the morvan in burgundy map of the mountains in france the principle mountain regions in france the alps les alpes to the east of france and on the swiss italian borders the highest peak is the mont blanc at 4808 metres detailed terrain map of france maphill terrain map shows physical features of the landscape contours let you determine the height of mountains and depth of the ocean bottom mountains in france for maps of picturetomorrow image description if you like this picture please right click and save the picture thanks for visiting this website we provide a lot of options related to mountains in france for maps of images for you do not hesitate to come back for maps of mountains in france picturetomorrow image description if you like this picture please right click and save the picture thanks for visiting this website we provide a lot of options related to for maps of mountains in france images for you do not hesitate to come back physical map of france topography about france com physical topographical map of france topography the highest point in france is le mont blanc whose summit is at 4 810 45 m 15 782 ft above sea level le mont blanc lies on the border between france and italy just south of switzerland and is also the highest peak in europe france map explore places and attractions on a detailed map of france with interactive links to hundreds of attractions and places to discover in france also maps of the regions and departments and a relief map of france france map geography of france map of france france today is a sophisticated powerhouse of architecture art cinema cuisine fashion literature music and wine its countless attractions enchanting culture and pastoral countryside attract more visitors than any other country on the planet map of the rivers in france about france com the map above shows the principal rivers of france the four main fleuves rivers that flow to the sea are indicated in violet smaller fleuves and rivieres rivers that are tributaries of other rivers are named in black