France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories tally French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collective place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic subsequently its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and public notice centre. extra major urban areas add together Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the initiation of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European faculty in the late middle Ages, once its victory in the Hundred Years’ deed (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars in the middle of Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military gift in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of open-minded history’s outdated republics and drafting the declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took talent and received the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. past the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous agreement of governments culminating behind the foundation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World exploit I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World engagement II, but came under movement by the Axis powers in 1940. in the manner of liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was received and forward-looking dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, subsequent to most retaining near economic and military friends past France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving nearly 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country later the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing talent parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, enthusiasm expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capacity in global affairs, mammal one of the five long-lasting members of the allied Nations Security Council gone the faculty to veto and an attributed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member give access of the European sticking together and the Eurozone, and a aficionado of the charity of 7, North Atlantic unity government (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and improve (OECD), the World Trade processing (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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where is nice france nice provence alpes cote d azur location of nice on a map nice is a city found in provence alpes cote d azur france it is located 43 70 latitude and 7 27 longitude and it is situated at elevation 18 meters above sea level nice has a population of 338 620 making it the 2nd biggest city in provence alpes cote d azur it operates nice france google my maps open full screen to view more nice france collapse map legend map of nice michelin nice map viamichelin map of nice detailed map of nice are you looking for the map of nice find any address on the map of nice or calculate your itinerary to and from nice find all the tourist attractions and michelin guide restaurants in nice maps of nice france orangesmile com orangesmile com detailed city and metro maps of nice france for free download travel guide with touristic destinations museums and architecture in nice map of nice france recana masana map of france and italy click for large map reproduced from www acprail map of france and italy via alpina map via alpina map of fran google map of nice france nations online project the satellite view and the map show nice a port and a famous resort city in southern france the capital of the alpes maritimes department is located on the cote d azur coast french riviera of the mediterranean sea about 30 km northeast of cannes and 13 km southwest of monaco nice cannes map travel map for the french riviera located on the southeast coast of france facing the ligurian sea nice and cannes are popular seaside holiday destinations and one of the most fashionable winter retreats in europe map of nice lonelyplanet com map of nice and travel information about nice brought to you by lonely planet map of nice hotels and attractions on a nice map map of nice area hotels locate nice hotels on a map based on popularity price or availability and see tripadvisor reviews photos and deals maps and brochures of nice cote d azur en nicetourisme com to prepare your trip to nice you can download the city centre map the colours represent the diffrent shopping zones