Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is on bad terms from great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
Politically, Ireland is estranged amongst the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is allowance of the united Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was roughly 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after good Britain. Just below 4.8 million live in the Republic of Ireland and just over 1.8 million sentient in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, later several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its mild but moody climate which is release of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the end of the middle Ages. Today, woodland makes taking place virtually 10% of the island, compared taking into consideration a European average of more than 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant house physical species original to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and so totally moderate, and winters are milder than acknowledged for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud lid are abundant.
The antique evidence of human presence in Ireland is antiquated at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. past the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English rule did not extend greater than the total island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English find was intended to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was elongated during the 18th century. in the manner of the Acts of bond in 1801, Ireland became a ration of the joined Kingdom. A conflict of independence in the upfront 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish clear State, which became increasingly sovereign over the subsequently decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a allocation of the joined Kingdom. Northern Ireland axiom much civil unrest from the tardy 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided bearing in mind a diplomatic succession in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland allied the European Economic Community even if the united Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as portion of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant involve on supplementary cultures, especially in the ground of literature. alongside mainstream Western culture, a strong original culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features like that of great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as attachment football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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station and route maps irishrail ie seat only reservation is an option for customers who are in possession of a valid standard class ticket s seasonal ticket s taxsaver ticket s or interrail and free travel pass holders to reserve a seat in standard class northern rail network map northern northern network map northern rail services call at over 500 stations approximately 20 of all uk railway stations of which we manage 464 for a detailed map of our network please select the northern network map overview below rail map online uk ireland rail map online uses a google maps api to display the underlying map with layers depicting the railway tracks and points of interest rendered on top of the map again using the google maps api your use of google maps is subject to the google terms conditions northern ireland rail network map uk map northern ireland rail network map map of northern ireland rail inside northern ireland rail network map welcome to the united kingdom made up of great britain and also northern ireland the england may not usually seem to be extremely unified without a doubt scotland resembled electing for choosing independence in 2014 trains in ireland ireland by rail interrail eu rail services in northern ireland are run by northern ireland railways ni railways trains in the republic of ireland iarnrod eireann irish rail has modern and reliable trains across the country with many connections to and from dublin trains in ireland discoveringireland com travelling by train in ireland is a relaxing and hassle free way of getting around between the main population centers iarnrod eireann irish rail is the state owned rail company in the republic of ireland while in the north northern ireland railways nir is the rail company ni railways wikipedia route map ni railways also known as northern ireland railways nir and for a brief period ulster transport railways utr is the railway operator in northern ireland nir is a subsidiary of translink whose parent company is the northern ireland transport holding company nithco and is one of four publicly owned train operators in the united kingdom the others being network rail direct rail transport in ireland wikipedia rail transport in ireland intercity commuter and freight is provided by iarnrod eireann in the republic of ireland and by northern ireland railways in northern ireland ireland by train and train routes eurail com a city moving forward likely most known for its violent and troubled past belfast today is a bright optimistic and forward moving city boasting an excellent nightlife and fantastic food northern ireland s capital shouldn t be missed translink every journey starts here times tickets next bus train