Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is at odds from good Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
Politically, Ireland is not speaking between the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the associated Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was very nearly 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after great Britain. Just below 4.8 million sentient in the Republic of Ireland and just over 1.8 million alive in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, later than several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its smooth but temperamental climate which is free of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the stop of the center Ages. Today, woodland makes going on roughly 10% of the island, compared bearing in mind a European average of beyond 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant land mammal species indigenous to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and therefore definitely moderate, and winters are milder than established for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant.
The primordial evidence of human presence in Ireland is archaic at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. similar to the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English declare did not extend on top of the total island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English announce was meant to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was extended during the 18th century. like the Acts of sticking to in 1801, Ireland became a ration of the allied Kingdom. A battle of independence in the to the fore 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish pardon State, which became increasingly sovereign over the considering decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a allocation of the joined Kingdom. Northern Ireland saying much civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided next a diplomatic consent in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland united the European Economic Community while the joined Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as allowance of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant put on on further cultures, especially in the ground of literature. contiguously mainstream Western culture, a strong native culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features like that of great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as membership football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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northern rail network map northern northern network map northern rail services call at over 500 stations approximately 20 of all uk railway stations of which we manage 464 for a detailed map of our network please select the northern network map overview below ni railways wikipedia under the uta s management the railway network of northern ireland underwent substantial reduction in size shrinking from 900 miles 1 450 km to 225 miles 362 km the uta was split into rail and road operations in 1967 and the rail operations were taken over by the present company northern ireland railways nir rail map online uk ireland rail map online uses a google maps api to display the underlying map with layers depicting the railway tracks and points of interest rendered on top of the map again using the google maps api your use of google maps is subject to the google terms conditions northern ireland railways nir railway network datasets the northern ireland railways network consists of approximately 220 route miles nir network is divided into the various lines known as dublin line bangor line larne line londonderry line portadown newry line and portrush line chapter 1 railway history of ireland ireland s railway north of the border the northern irish government established the northern ireland road transport board nirtb which was to take over all road transport and co ordinate same with the railway companies ireland by train and train routes eurail com a city moving forward likely most known for its violent and troubled past belfast today is a bright optimistic and forward moving city boasting an excellent nightlife and fantastic food northern ireland s capital shouldn t be missed history of rail transport in ireland wikipedia great northern railway of ireland the coat of arms of the gnr the route of the great northern railway of ireland railway clearing house junction maps photographs location of mining related railways survey of attymon junction to loughrea trackbed eiretrains irish railways past present maps of northern ireland old maps online a map of the county of armagh with the harbours of dundalk and carlingford this is a map of north east ireland dating from 1600 an inset in the lower right hand corner shows the fortification of fort mount norris northern ireland rail network map uk map northern ireland rail network map map of northern ireland rail inside northern ireland rail network map welcome to the united kingdom made up of great britain and also northern ireland the england may not usually seem to be extremely unified without a doubt scotland resembled electing for choosing independence in 2014 northern ireland railways journeycheck train times and northern ireland railways journeycheck provides real time up to date train times and train disruption information keeping you informed about any delays or cancellations on the network and helping you know what to do when your journey is affected train cancellations delays alterations and engineering work information is brought to you