Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is on bad terms from great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
Politically, Ireland is at odds amongst the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is allowance of the associated Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was very nearly 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after good Britain. Just below 4.8 million living in the Republic of Ireland and just higher than 1.8 million breathing in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, with several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its smooth but changeable climate which is forgive of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the end of the middle Ages. Today, woodland makes taking place more or less 10% of the island, compared later than a European average of more than 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant estate visceral species native to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and appropriately certainly moderate, and winters are milder than normal for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant.
The outdated evidence of human presence in Ireland is out of date at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. when the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English rule did not extend exceeding the gather together island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English announce was intended to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was extended during the 18th century. considering the Acts of sticking together in 1801, Ireland became a ration of the associated Kingdom. A proceedings of independence in the into the future 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish release State, which became increasingly sovereign more than the bearing in mind decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a allocation of the associated Kingdom. Northern Ireland proverb much civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided when a diplomatic accord in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland joined the European Economic Community while the united Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as portion of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant fake on other cultures, especially in the field of literature. to the side of mainstream Western culture, a mighty native culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features afterward that of good Britain, including the English language, and sports such as relationship football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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search the proni historical maps viewer nidirect search and browse a range of historical ordnance survey of northern ireland osni maps and find information on sites buildings and landmarks of historical interest before you start proni historical maps viewer can be used to search and browse seven historical osni maps and four modern basemaps including aerial imagery old maps of northern ireland old maps of northern ireland on old maps online discover the past of northern ireland on historical maps old maps of ireland old maps of ireland on old maps online discover the past of ireland on historical maps detailed map of northern ireland world maps this map shows cities towns tourist information centers distance between towns main roads secondary roads in northern ireland go back to see more maps of northern ireland uk maps northern ireland maps google my maps open full screen to view more northern ireland maps historic maps all island ireland map collections at ireland s history in maps this site uses a basic graphical map of ireland to display thematic information such as bronze age ireland arrival of christianity the viking era plantation and earldoms etc life in elizabethan england shows a basic map of ireland with the territories owned by the gaelic chiefs circa 1500 category old maps of ireland wikimedia commons where to categorize or find maps of ireland if the map shows category to use ireland on a recently created map category maps of ireland or its subcategories ireland on a map created more than 70 years ago category old maps of ireland or its subcategories history of ireland on a recently created map free maps of ireland wesleyjohnston com an improved map of ireland in 2001 showing all towns with over 7000 inhabitants and all the counties gives a much larger set of towns than the old map did 23kb provinces map showing counties that make up the 4 provinces of ireland 14kb blank map of ireland a blank map of ireland showing the coast and county boundaries use this if you historical mapping osi ie acclaimed for their accuracy these maps are regarded by cartographers as amongst the finest ever produced as the national mapping archive service for ireland osi has captured this and later mapping data in a digitised format these maps are particularly relevant for genealogy or those with an interest in social history historic environment map viewer department for communities the map allows you to view the locations of built heritage sites from the dfc based on mapping provided by os ni before you start historic environment map viewer user guide