Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is on bad terms from great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest upon Earth.
Politically, Ireland is at odds amid the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is share of the associated Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was not quite 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after great Britain. Just under 4.8 million stimulate in the Republic of Ireland and just over 1.8 million stimulate in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, considering several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its mild but changeable climate which is pardon of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the stop of the middle Ages. Today, woodland makes taking place practically 10% of the island, compared similar to a European average of greater than 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant estate inborn species original to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and as a result certainly moderate, and winters are milder than normal for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant.
The prehistoric evidence of human presence in Ireland is obsolescent at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. with the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English consider did not extend greater than the sum up island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English pronounce was meant to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was lengthy during the 18th century. next the Acts of union in 1801, Ireland became a share of the joined Kingdom. A lawsuit of independence in the early 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish pardon State, which became increasingly sovereign beyond the later than decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a part of the allied Kingdom. Northern Ireland saying much civil unrest from the tardy 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided taking into consideration a diplomatic succession in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland associated the European Economic Community while the joined Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as ration of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant touch upon supplementary cultures, especially in the pitch of literature. alongside mainstream Western culture, a strong original culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features next that of good Britain, including the English language, and sports such as association football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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old maps of ireland old maps of ireland on old maps online discover the past of ireland on historical maps historic maps all island ireland map collections at the maps are held in the national library of ireland and represent all counties in ireland with the exception of kerry dublin city and county represent more than 44 per cent of all maps kildare meath and roscommon are very well represented there are comparatively few maps of the west and north of ireland historical mapping osi ie a look back in time b etween 1829 and 1842 ordnance survey ireland completed the first ever large scale survey of an entire country acclaimed for their accuracy these maps are regarded by cartographers as amongst the finest ever produced historic maps of ireland swilson info 1695 map of ireland by robt morden c1701 map of ireland moll 1748 vaugondy map of ireland gt britain 1777 taylor and skinners new accurate map of the kingdom of ireland from maps of the roads of ireland 1803 map of ireland j h fleming 1822 map of co wicklow new from guide to co wicklow by rev g n wright after the designs of george petrie esq old maps of ireland old maps of ireland many new england families and towns trace their ancestry to the emerald isle we have posted our maps of ireland in our new storefront shop old maps com a more modern searchable site free maps of ireland wesleyjohnston com ireland 795 851 map showing ireland in the early viking period showing the main monasteries attacked and the viking encampments labelled with dates view this map in context 14kb ireland 950ad map of ireland as it was around 950ad showing the layout of the provinces kingdoms and viking territories and towns old maps of northern ireland together these maps provide a rich historical shapshot of the commercial activity and urban landscape of towns and cities at the time the british library holds a comprehensive collection of fire insurance plans produced by the london based firm charles e goad ltd dating back to 1885 these plans were made for most important towns and cities of the british isles at the scales of 1 480 1 inch to 40 feet as well as many foreign towns at 1 600 1 inch to 50 feet ordnance survey ireland osi 19th century historical maps ordnance survey ireland osi 19th century historical maps abstract a collection of mainly 19th century maps of almost 150 cities towns and villages in the republic of ireland search the proni historical maps viewer nidirect search and browse a range of historical ordnance survey of northern ireland osni maps and find information on sites buildings and landmarks of historical interest