Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is divided from great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
Politically, Ireland is divided amongst the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is ration of the allied Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was about 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after great Britain. Just under 4.8 million flesh and blood in the Republic of Ireland and just over 1.8 million conscious in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, next several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its serene but changeable climate which is clear of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the stop of the middle Ages. Today, woodland makes in the works virtually 10% of the island, compared later than a European average of higher than 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant estate physical species native to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and hence very moderate, and winters are milder than traditional for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant.
The out of date evidence of human presence in Ireland is obsolescent at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. following the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English declare did not extend more than the entire sum island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English judge was meant to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was elongated during the 18th century. next the Acts of union in 1801, Ireland became a part of the associated Kingdom. A combat of independence in the to the front 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish clear State, which became increasingly sovereign more than the in the same way as decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a allocation of the associated Kingdom. Northern Ireland motto much civil unrest from the tardy 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided with a political accord in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland allied the European Economic Community even if the allied Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as ration of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant have an effect on on additional cultures, especially in the auditorium of literature. closely mainstream Western culture, a mighty indigenous culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features bearing in mind that of good Britain, including the English language, and sports such as association football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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historical mapping osi ie b etween 1829 and 1842 ordnance survey ireland completed the first ever large scale survey of an entire country acclaimed for their accuracy these maps are regarded by cartographers as amongst the finest ever produced as the national mapping archive service for ireland osi has captured this and later mapping data in a digitised format ireland old ordnance survey maps index old ordnance survey maps for ireland so far we have published more than 50 maps for ireland most of these maps were originally prepared around the turn of the century as a result all irish maps north and south are here listed as one series though we may divide it as the series grows larger the following maps are highly detailed taken from the 1 2500 plans and reprinted at about 14 search the proni historical maps viewer nidirect search and browse a range of historical ordnance survey of northern ireland osni maps and find information on sites buildings and landmarks of historical interest before you start proni historical maps viewer can be used to search and browse seven historical osni maps and four modern basemaps including aerial imagery old maps of northern ireland 1 2500 topographic maps ordnance survey ordnance survey a coloured representation or bird s eye view of the storm of eneskillin castell this is a pictorial battle plan dating from 1594 of the 1592 siege of eniskellen castle in ireland ordnance survey ireland osi 19th century historical maps ordnance survey ireland osi 19th century historical maps abstract a collection of mainly 19th century maps of almost 150 cities towns and villages in the republic of ireland most are town plans which were surveyed at either five or ten foot to one mile scale between 1837 and 1896 the remainder were produced by enlargement of the 1 2500 historic maps all island ireland map collections at the down survey of ireland taken in the years 1656 1658 the down survey of ireland is the first ever detailed land survey on a national scale anywhere in the world in addition to other material this website comprises digital images of all the surviving down survey maps at parish barony and county level accessing maps national library of ireland historic osi maps online the national library participated in a major digitisation project by the ordnance survey of ireland the osi website offers online access to maps produced by the ordnance survey between 1829 and 1913 and also includes genealogical location of schools graveyards churches workhouses etc and environmental data old maps of ireland old maps of ireland on old maps online discover the past of ireland on historical maps ordnance survey ireland national mapping agency prime2 is ordnance survey ireland s osi central database of spatial information launched in 2015 it has all the normal details you d expect to find in a spatial database like buildings field boundaries roads etc but it s also so much more than that the godfrey edition old ordnance survey maps index these maps are invaluable for historians and genealogists we have now published more than 3 000 titles in this major series of reprints of old ordnance survey maps of towns throughout britain and ireland follow the links below for a complete catalogue we are also adding a few pages with additional information including small extracts from