Europe is a continent located definitely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be at odds from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies subconscious geography, the estate link up is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several time past its first conception in classical antiquity. The distancing of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which rework on a spectrum rather than in imitation of a sharp dividing line. The geographic affix between Europe and Asia does not follow any come clean boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are next transcontinental in that the main allowance is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in other continents.
Europe covers roughly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is separated into more or less fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of not quite 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. additional from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration get older marked the stop of ancient chronicles and the dawn of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the unprejudiced era. before the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amid the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various times the Americas, approaching every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to innovative economic, cultural and social fine-tune in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most part in Europe, contributing to a subside in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet bond and the joined States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was at odds along the Iron Curtain in the midst of NATO in the West and the Warsaw deal in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, taking into consideration a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, as soon as the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. additional European integration by some states led to the formation of the European linkage (EU), a separate political entity that lies with a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward back the drop of the Soviet hold in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the midst of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes attach and immigration controls accompanied by most of its aficionada states.
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euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 1800 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 1800 euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 1600 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 1600 map of europe 1914 emersonkent com map description historical map of europe in 1914 illustrating allied powers central powers neutral powers railways credits courtesy of the united states military academy department of history history of europe wikipedia the history of europe covers the peoples inhabiting europe from prehistory to the present during the neolithic era and the time of the indo european migrations europe saw human inflows from east and southeast and subsequent important cultural and material exchange balkans wikipedia in part due to the historical and political connotations of the term balkans especially since the military conflicts of the 1990s in yugoslavia in the western half of the region the term southeast europe is becoming increasingly popular period 1 1491 1607 the gilder lehrman institute of on a north american continent controlled by american indians contact among the peoples of europe the americas and west africa created a new world afghanistan history map flag capital population afghanistan landlocked multiethnic country located in the heart of south central asia lying along important trade routes connecting southern and eastern asia to europe and the middle east afghanistan has long been a prize sought by empire builders its capital and largest city is kabul malta map geography of malta map of malta worldatlas com printable map of malta and info and links to malta facts famous natives landforms latitude longitude maps symbols timeline and weather by worldatlas com presidents day special thomas jefferson s take on illustration of four delegates to the continental congress that began in colonial america 1774 from left to right john adams robert morris alexander hamilton and thomas jefferson history of europe the industrial revolution britannica com the industrial revolution economic effects undergirding the development of modern europe between the 1780s and 1849 was an unprecedented economic transformation that embraced the first stages of the great industrial revolution and a still more general expansion of commercial activity