France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories append French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a comprehensive area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic in the manner of its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and want ad centre. additional major urban areas swell Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the introduction of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The concurrence of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capability in the tardy center Ages, similar to its victory in the Hundred Years’ prosecution (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capacity in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of campaigner history’s obsolete republics and drafting the confirmation of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took talent and traditional the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. gone the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking office of governments culminating like the start of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World skirmish I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World court case II, but came below commotion by the Axis powers in 1940. later than liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was normal and far along dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the additional colonies became independent in the 1960s, in the same way as most retaining close economic and military contacts next France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World stock Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving something like 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country as soon as the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, energy expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good knack in global affairs, inborn one of the five steadfast members of the united Nations Security Council later than the capability to veto and an attributed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading zealot own up of the European bond and the Eurozone, and a zealot of the bureau of 7, North Atlantic pact government (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and improvement (OECD), the World Trade management (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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provinces of france wikipedia provinces of france in 1789 relative to the modern borders of france note the comtat venaissin annexed 1791 mulhouse annexed 1798 montbeliard annexed 1816 savoy and nice annexed 1860 and small portions of other provinces were not part of the kingdom of france map of france showing different regions and provinces french map of france showing the 22 different regions and provinces in france including corica island and the capital city paris home page paris restaurants paris museums paris monuments paris castles paris hotels how to support website main index pages home page map of france france regions rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of france from the tempting smell of freshly baked baguettes and the first sip of fruity beaujolais to the bustle of colourful markets and the sight of locals playing petanque in the village square france is bursting with iconic images and delicious cuisine map of france departments regions cities france map the region is the first level of administrative divisions on the map of france before the french revolution of 1789 france was divided into provinces from the historical feudal history provinces map of france istanbul city guide com explore provinces map of france ragions map satellite images of france cities maps political physical map of france get driving directions and traffic map clickable map of france traditional provinces anything below this line was not added by the editor of this page information about all the 13 regions of france learn about the all the different regions in france with maps information and the main cities map of provence lonelyplanet com map of provence and travel information about provence brought to you by lonely planet france map of cities in france mapquest you can customize the map before you print click the map and drag to move the map around position your mouse over the map and use your mouse wheel to zoom in or out provence wikipedia the historical province of provence orange within the modern region of provence alpes cote d azur in southeast france