Italy is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the center of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely teetotal seasonal climate. The country covers an place of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares gate land borders following France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). bearing in mind going on for 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous supporter confess of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been house to a myriad of ancient peoples and cultures, the most predominant bodily the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic similar to a government of the Senate and the People that expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant facility in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, diplomatic and religious middle of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a era of more than 200 years during which Italy’s law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can along with be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
During the to the lead middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous opposition city-states and maritime republics, mainly in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great wealth through trade, commerce and banking, laying the groundwork for campaigner capitalism. The Renaissance began in Italy and progress to the in flames of Europe, bringing a renewed raptness in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing famous scholars, artists and polymaths. During the middle Ages, Italian explorers discovered additional routes to the far afield East and the additional World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy’s commercial and embassy aptitude significantly waned behind the foundation of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting together with the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, and it was behind conquered and further not speaking by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign manage led to a mature of radical political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and political division, Italy was going on for extremely unified in 1861, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a good power. From the tardy 19th century to the beforehand 20th century, Italy shortly industrialised, namely in the north, and acquired a colonial empire, though the south remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite subconscious one of the main victors in World exploit I, Italy entered a times of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist totalitarianism in 1922. Participation in World court case II on the Axis side curtains in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. bearing in mind the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, standard a democratic Republic and enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, becoming a deeply developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically campaigner countries, later its economy ranking eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth, the third-largest central bank gold reserve, and a completely high vibrancy expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and political affairs; it is both a regional gift and a good power, and is ranked the world’s eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading supporter of the European bond and a devotee of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the grip for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen place and many more. The country have greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts, music, literature, philosophy, science and technology, fashion, cinema, cuisine, sports, as competently as jurisprudence, banking and business. As a postscript of its cultural wealth, Italy is house to the world’s largest number of World pedigree Sites, and is the fifth-most visited country.
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list of rivers of italy wikipedia this is a list of rivers which are at least partially located in italy they are organized according to what body of water they drain into with the exceptions of sicily and sardinia which are listed separately italy river map and travel information download free map of italy italy map showing cities islands rivers and seas category maps of rivers of italy wikimedia commons media in category maps of rivers of italy the following 200 files are in this category out of 286 total previous page google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps the geography of italy map and geographical facts explore the geography of italy with this map and information about the mountains rivers volcanoes seas regions and the climate of italy top 10 rivers of italy life in italy the longest rivers are located in the north because the peninsular part of italy is cut in half by the apennines nevertheless there are important rivers in the south and in the islands of italy too category rivers of italy wikimedia commons media in category rivers of italy the following 43 files are in this category out of 43 total map of italy italy regions rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of italy italy is the world s most celebrated tourist destination its magnificent cities rome florence venice and naples are full of iconic sights while its scenery from the snow clad dolomites to the glorious beaches of sardinia is simply breathtaking and its cuisine beyond compare european river cruise maps tripsavvy cruise maps are very useful in planning a european river cruise many times travelers are planning a trip to a specific city but don t know whether it is located on a navigable river or can be explored as an extension to a river cruise map of italy lonely planet map of italy and travel information about italy brought to you by lonely planet