France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories count up French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combination place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic considering its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and advertisement centre. extra major urban areas affix Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the initiation of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The deal of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the tardy center Ages, subsequently its victory in the Hundred Years’ warfare (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military talent in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of unprejudiced history’s prehistoric republics and drafting the statement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took gift and standard the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. past the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking office of governments culminating next the introduction of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World suit I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World raid II, but came under pursuit by the Axis powers in 1940. as soon as liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and sophisticated dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the extra colonies became independent in the 1960s, in the manner of most retaining near economic and military contacts with France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving something like 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country next the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, enthusiasm expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good faculty in global affairs, visceral one of the five enduring members of the united Nations Security Council bearing in mind the capacity to veto and an endorsed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading devotee disclose of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a zealot of the outfit of 7, North Atlantic treaty organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), the World Trade dispensation (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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the wines of south west france map wine folly original source the wines of south west france by wine folly understanding the south west wine region the south west is divided into four sub regions each with its own distinctive character climate and grapes map south west france french wine guide wines of south west france with the french wine guide south west france wine regions wine searcher com the south west or sud ouest is a relatively large territorial zone of france incorporating the administrative regions of aquitaine limousin and midi pyrenees in terms of the french wine map however the sud ouest region is a little less clear cut as it excludes bordeaux a wine region so prolific that it is effectively a zone in its own right the 39 maps you need to understand south west france the south west corner of france has long been a magnet for other nationalities looking to set up home in the region s stunning countryside or attractive cities and these maps give an idea of why where is southwest france with map wine scholar guild this map has been taken from the french wine scholar manual so what is or is not southwest france it is not an official appellation it is a collection of appellations glued together for convenience into a sort of cornucopia south west of france map the map of south western france france travel guide france south west of france map the map of south western france with best places sw france jancisrobinson com south west france really means all the wine regions in the south western quarter of the country with the major exception of the most important one bordeaux and the cognac region to the immediate north of it which enjoy separate status france map of vineyards wine regions wine map of france france vineyards cover 787 000 hectares it has the third largest vineyard in the world after china second now and still growing map of french vineyards wine growing areas of france a map of french wine producing areas there are vineyards in most regions of france as this wine map of france clearly shows there are vineyards throughout france south west france wine region wikipedia south west france or in french sud ouest is a wine region in france covering several wine producing areas situated respectively inland from and south of the wine region of bordeaux