Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory as a consequence includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the single-handedly European country to have a brute border next an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are furthermore allocation of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little estate boundary behind Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the recess of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an place of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; extra major urban areas count Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula more or less 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along behind ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came under Roman adjudicate approximately 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based upon the earlier Phoenician declare Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and received relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly join every surviving independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was then documented as Hispania.
In the at the forefront eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to find most of the peninsula in the year 726, desertion unaccompanied a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting going on to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering time across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the foundation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to perspective the invasion. similar to the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the yet to be modern period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, neglect a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were moreover many advancements in the arts, once world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish scholastic work, Don Quixote, was in addition to published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World parentage Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, in imitation of King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall allowance country, later than the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing talent parity. It is a aficionada of the joined Nations (UN), the European devotion (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the presidency of Ibero-American States (OEI), the devotion for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic treaty handing out (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and money up front (OECD), dealing out for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade direction (WTO) and many other international organisations. even if not an certified member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group.
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10 top destinations in southern spain with photos map andalusia is an autonomous community that covers most of southern spain it has a diverse landscape with a long mediterranean coastline and its own mountain chain and is known to have the hottest average temperatures in europe costa del sol map spain map of costa del sol costa del sol map the coastal area of southern spain known as the costa del sol covers from the manilva municipality right through to nerja and it s characterised for being the chosen holiday destination by thousands of tourists all year round map of spain southern spain travel here s a map of spain s regions spains regions are very similar to the concept of states in the usa but with more autonomy on this site we mainly focus on the region of andalucia the southern part of spain large detailed map of spain with cities and towns description this map shows cities towns resorts highways main roads secondary roads tracks railroads national parks hotels ski resorts and airports in spain map of southern spain imsa kolese southern spain map spain cities map southern spain ring around map of southern spain map of southern spain coast southern spain dufour map of southern spain map of southern spain google my maps open full screen to view more map of southern spain collapse map legend map of andalucia southern spain tourist and road map andalucia map if you are planning a visit to andalucia the following map of southern spain might be useful the map will show you the main tourist areas in andalucia like costa del sol axarquia bahia de cadiz poniente de almeria or campo de gibraltar among many others spain east coast beaches google my maps this map is a tour down spain s east coast which will show you some of the beautiful beaches it has to offer the 10 most beautiful coastal towns in spain conde nast with nearly 5 000 miles of coastline more than 1 000 of which borders the mediterranean and more than 60 islands spain certainly has no shortage of beautiful by the water sites the maps of malaga andalucia costa del sol spain malaga city maps if you are considering visiting malaga you may find our maps a useful tool we provide three maps one of the region of andalucia with malaga highlighted