Texas is the second largest welcome in the united States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders as soon as the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, other Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Len, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline past the deep hole of Mexico to the southeast.
Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U.S., even though San Antonio is the second-most populous in the welcome and seventh largest in the U.S. DallasFort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. further major cities improve Austin, the second-most populous allow in capital in the U.S., and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed “The Lone Star State” to signify its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the state’s vacillate for independence from Mexico. The “Lone Star” can be found upon the Texas divulge flag and on the Texan permit seal. The origin of Texas’s proclaim is from the word taysha, which means “friends” in the Caddo language.
Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U.S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated taking into consideration the U.S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas’s land place is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands, forests, and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the desert and mountains of the big Bend.
The term “six flags more than Texas” refers to several nations that have ruled over the territory. Spain was the first European country to affirmation the place of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 afterward Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas allied the sticking together as the 28th state. The state’s annexation set off a chain of happenings that led to the MexicanAmerican raid in 1846. A slave acknowledge in the past the American Civil War, Texas avowed its secession from the U.S. in in advance 1861, and officially united the Confederate States of America upon March 2nd of the similar year. After the Civil stroke and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long times of economic stagnation.
Historically four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World charge II: cattle and bison, cotton, timber, and oil. previously and after the U.S. Civil proceedings the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, suitably creating the normal image of the Texas cowboy. In the higher 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative. It was ultimately, though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits (Spindletop in particular) that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force in back the economy for much of the 20th century. past strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century. As of 2015, it is second upon the list of the most Fortune 500 companies similar to 54. bearing in mind a growing base of industry, the divulge leads in many industries, including agriculture, petrochemicals, energy, computers and electronics, aerospace, and biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U.S. in state export revenue back 2002, and has the second-highest terrifying allow in product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world.
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texas mission guide texas mission guide from 1769 to 1823 spanish soldiers and monks built a total of 21 missions and 5 presidios in the area that is now the us state of california visit the california mission guide to learn about the spanish missions of california and to see an animated california mission map spanish missions in texas map the full wiki mission santisimo nombre de maria was the second mission established by the spanish in east texas built for the neches indians the mission opened in september 1690 northeast of mission san francisco the mission consisted of a straw chapel and a house for the priest it was destroyed by a flood in 1692 map of early spanish missions in texas pictures mission san jose antonio missions national historical park spanish texas the hand of state historical unled doent franciscan missionaries in texas before 1690 google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps spanish missions presidios and roads in historical texas mappery is a diverse collection of real life maps contributed by map lovers worldwide find and explore maps by keyword location or by browsing a map the spanish missions in texas texas almanac the order of friars minor known as the franciscans was founded by st francis of assisi in the 13th century it was the franciscans who were given responsibility for all the texas missions u s mission trail the mission trail today texas missions the texas mission story is complex and difficult to follow as missions moved closed changed their names were secularized were attacked abandoned and a few have been restored in 2008 9 we made two trips to central and east texas and louisiana visiting 15 mission sites so watch for more in the near future spanish missions in texas wikipedia the spanish missions in texas comprise a series of religious outposts established by spanish catholic dominicans jesuits and franciscans to spread the catholic doctrine among area native americans but with the added benefit of giving spain a toehold in the frontier land spanish mapping of texas the handbook of texas online spanish mapping of texas early in 1520 the pilots who had sailed the previous year with alonso alvarez de pineda laid before the spanish crown an outline sketch of the gulf of mexico spanish texas wikipedia the spanish returned to southeastern texas in 1716 establishing several missions and a presidio to maintain a buffer between spanish territory and the french colonial louisiana district of new france