Italy is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the center of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely sober seasonal climate. The country covers an place of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares edit home borders considering France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). behind roughly speaking 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member declare of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to a myriad of ancient peoples and cultures, the most predominant physical the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic following a processing of the Senate and the People that expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant capability in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, embassy and religious centre of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy’s law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can plus be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
During the to the lead center Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous opponent city-states and maritime republics, mainly in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great material comfort through trade, commerce and banking, laying the groundwork for highly developed capitalism. The Renaissance began in Italy and press forward to the dismount of Europe, bringing a renewed engagement in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing renowned scholars, artists and polymaths. During the middle Ages, Italian explorers discovered additional routes to the far-off East and the extra World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy’s poster and embassy gift significantly waned with the foundation of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting amid the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, and it was gone conquered and extra at odds by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign direct led to a times of lawless embassy upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and political division, Italy was re agreed unified in 1861, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a great power. From the late 19th century to the to the fore 20th century, Italy gruffly industrialised, namely in the north, and acquired a colonial empire, even though the south remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite being one of the main victors in World skirmish I, Italy entered a become old of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist totalitarianism in 1922. Participation in World skirmish II upon the Axis side curtains in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. bearing in mind the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, traditional a democratic Republic and enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, becoming a severely developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically enlightened countries, in imitation of its economy ranking eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth, the third-largest central bank gold reserve, and a enormously high enthusiasm expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and diplomatic affairs; it is both a regional faculty and a great power, and is ranked the world’s eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading member of the European union and a advocate of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the grip for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen area and many more. The country have greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts, music, literature, philosophy, science and technology, fashion, cinema, cuisine, sports, as skillfully as jurisprudence, banking and business. As a reflection of its cultural wealth, Italy is house to the world’s largest number of World parentage Sites, and is the fifth-most visited country.
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map of italy italy regions rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of italy italy is the world s most celebrated tourist destination its magnificent cities rome florence venice and naples are full of iconic sights while its scenery from the snow clad dolomites to the glorious beaches of sardinia is simply breathtaking and its cuisine beyond compare italy provinces map world maps maps of all countries description this map shows administrative divisions in italy go back to see more maps of italy maps of italy italy maps cities islands regions ski resorts italy maps maps of italy large detailed map of italy with cities and towns 5085×5741 13 2 mb go to map railway map of italy the geography of italy map and geographical facts map of italy lonely planet getty images the area of italy is 116 305 square miles 301 230 square kilometers including the islands of sardinia and sicily making it just slightly larger than the state of arizona in the united states map of italy maps of italy printable map of italy click here to download a pdf map of italy suitable for printing on an a4 page also here is a simple map of italy with the main cities indicated italy map of cities in italy mapquest you can customize the map before you print click the map and drag to move the map around position your mouse over the map and use your mouse wheel to zoom in or out italy map geography of italy map of italy worldatlas com italy has so much to see and do from skiing in the alps the lake district of the north the historic and stylish cities of florence milan naples siena turin and venice coastal cities and quaint little villages and of course rome and the holy see vatican list of historic states of italy wikipedia kingdom 753 bc 509 bc republic 509 bc 27 ad empire 27 ad 286 ad roman italy western empire 286 ad 476 ad praetorian prefecture of italy map of italy lonely planet map of italy and travel information about italy brought to you by lonely planet regions of italy wikipedia history during the kingdom of italy regions were administrative districts of the central state under the republic they were granted a measure of political autonomy by the 1948 italian constitution