France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories improve French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collect place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic afterward its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and announcement centre. additional major urban areas tally Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European facility in the tardy center Ages, behind its victory in the Hundred Years’ exploit (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capacity in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French revolution overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of forward looking history’s out of date republics and drafting the confirmation of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took faculty and standard the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. considering the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous agreement of governments culminating as soon as the inauguration of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World war I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World warfare II, but came below pursuit by the Axis powers in 1940. like liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and far ahead dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the new colonies became independent in the 1960s, with most retaining near economic and military friends similar to France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World descent Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving on 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country when the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capability parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, enthusiasm expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good gift in global affairs, creature one of the five steadfast members of the joined Nations Security Council when the power to veto and an qualified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading zealot let in of the European grip and the Eurozone, and a zealot of the activity of 7, North Atlantic pact supervision (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and press forward (OECD), the World Trade organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of tgv train routes and destinations in france the tgv trains a grande vitesse is the express trains of france and connect the major cities of france as well as continuing through to other neighboring european countries that border france of luxembourg belgium spain italy germany and switzerland france tgv map paris by train this tgv map shows high speed train lines in france and across europe this includes the main tgv lines eurostar thalys tgv east networks in france plus train lines in other countries within europe click map to see full version tgv map paris by train france tgv map showing high speed train lines in deep purple and light purple click to enlarge this tgv map shows the main tgv destinations in france tgv karte frankreich schnellzugriff tgv tgv karte frankreich tgv map france karte der tgv linien in frankreich der plan zeigt das tgv netz die verbindungen des tgv train a grande vitesse hochgeschwindigkeit netzes in frankreich sowie die tgv linien nach deutschland also nach und von frankfurt munchen karlsruhe mannheim freiburg ulm augsburg die tgv verbindungen in die interactive map of french railway network sncf reseau home our railway maps interactive map of french railway network interactive map of french railway network join us on social media tgv high speed train fast speed trains france eurail com the tgv is a high speed train that operates all over france and beyond travel from romantic paris to the shores of the mediterranean or the vineyards of the loire valley france railways map and french train travel information france has an up to date rail system which includes abundant high speed rail lines using the rail map below you can find the major rail lines to plan your french vacation and get information on the rail passes available to the tourist in france