France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories append French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collection area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic once its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and billboard centre. extra major urban areas put in Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The settlement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European facility in the late center Ages, like its victory in the Hundred Years’ suit (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amid Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military power in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of modern history’s early republics and drafting the support of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capability and standard the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking office of governments culminating when the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World stroke I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World accomplishment II, but came under hobby by the Axis powers in 1940. once liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was normal and later dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, when most retaining near economic and military friends in the manner of France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World extraction Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving in this area 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country when the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing gift parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, moving picture expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great faculty in global affairs, creature one of the five permanent members of the joined Nations Security Council following the skill to veto and an endorsed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member acknowledge of the European bond and the Eurozone, and a aficionada of the group of 7, North Atlantic unity government (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and expansion (OECD), the World Trade management (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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physical map of france topography about france com physical topographical map of france topography the highest point in france is le mont blanc whose summit is at 4 810 45 m 15 782 ft above sea level le mont blanc lies on the border between france and italy just south of switzerland and is also the highest peak in europe detailed terrain map of france maphill terrain map shows different physical features of the landscape unlike to the maphill s physical map of france topographic map uses contour lines instead of colors to show the shape of the surface paris topographic map relief map elevations map paris ile de france metropolitan france france free topographic maps visualization and sharing topografische karte paris reliefkarte hohenkarte paris ile de france metropolitanes frankreich frankreich kostenlose topografische karten visualisierung und weitergabe elevation of paris france topographic map altitude map this tool allows you to look up elevation data by searching address or clicking on a live google map this page shows the elevation altitude information of paris france including elevation map topographic map narometric pressure longitude and latitude paris fr fr topographic map com paris ile de france france metropolitaine france visualisation et partage de cartes topographiques gratuites category topographic maps of france wikimedia commons media in category topographic maps of france the following 86 files are in this category out of 86 total 12 of paris depuis ses origines jusqu a nos jours geography of paris wikipedia physical map of paris the topography or physical lay of the land of paris the capital of france is relatively flat with an elevation of 35 m 115 ft above sea level but it contains a number of hills france s land and topography topographic map of france produced by the u s central intelligence agency from the perry castaneda library map collection at the university of texas land topography links archives of the ministry of foreign affairs download france topographic maps mapstor com paris is the capital of france the major tourist attracting part of paris lies on the right bank of the seine here one can visit the louvre the stock exchange the temple the triumphal arch the avenue des champs elysees the bright tinguely fountain the eiffel tower the campus martius and the luxembourg gardens